KTL - 20071004 Ikki, Kita-Kyushu, Japan (File, MP3)
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Kita, Ikki, -- Revolutionaries -- Japan -- Biography. Nationalists -- Japan -- Biography. Japan -- Intellectual life -- 20th century. Intellectual life. All rights reserved. Please sign in to WorldCat Don't have an account? Remember me on this computer. Cancel Forgot your password? Print book : Biography : Japanese : Shohan View all editions and formats. Kita, Ikki, -- View all subjects. He studied Chinese classics in his youth and became interested in socialism at the age of In he began publishing articles in a local newspaper criticizing the Kokutai "Structure of State" theory.
This led to a police investigation which was later dropped. In he moved to Tokyo, where he audited lectures at Waseda Universitybut never earned a university degree.
He met many influential figures in the early socialist movement in Japan but quickly became disillusioned; the movement was, according to him, full of "opportunists".
He instead emphasized an exposition of the evolutionary theory in understanding the basic guidelines of societies and nations. In this book Kita explicitly promotes the platonic state of authoritarianism, emphasizing the close relationship between Confucianism and the "from above" concept of national socialism stating that Mencius is the Plato of the East and that Plato's concept of organizing a society is far preferable to Marx's. He traveled to China to assist in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty.
However, Kita was also interested in the far-right. Kita—who held views on Russia and Korea remarkably similar to those espoused by the Kokuryukai—was sent by that organization as a special member, who would write for them from China and send reports on the ongoing situation at the time of the Xinhai revolution.
By the time Kita returned to Japan in Januaryhe had become very disillusioned with the Chinese Revolution, and the strategies offered by it for the changes he envisioned. He gradually became a leading theorist and philosopher of the right-wing movement in pre- World War II Japan. The common theme to his first and last political works is the notion of a national policy Kokutai[nb 2] through which Japan would overcome a coming national crisis of economics or international relations, lead a united and free Asia and unify culture of the world through Japanized and universalized Asian thoughts in order to be prepared for the appearance of the sole superpower which would be inevitable for the future world peace.
It thus contained aspects associated with the doctrine of pan-Asianism. Due to the respect that the Emperor enjoyed in the Japanese society, [nb 3] Kita identified the sovereign as the ideal person to suspend the Constitutionorganize a council created by the Emperor and radically reorganize the Cabinet and the Dietwhose members would be elected by the people, to be free of any "malign influence", which would make the true meaning of the Meiji Restoration clear.
The new "National Reorganization Diet" would amend the Constitution according to the draft proposed by the Emperor, impose limits on individual wealth, private property, and assets of companies, and establish national entities directly and unitedly operated by the Government like the Japanese Government Railways.
Land reform would be enacted; MP3) urban land would be changed to municipal property. The new state would abolish the kazoku peerage system, the House of Peers and all but fundamental taxesguaranteeing male suffrage, freedomthe right to propertythe right to educationlabor rights and human rights.
While maintaining the Emperor as the representative of the people, privileged elites would be displaced [nb 4] and the military further empowered so as to strengthen Japan and enable it to liberate Asia from Western imperialism. Kita asserted Japan's right as an "international Proletariat " to conquer Siberia of Far East and Australia[nb 5] whose peoples would be granted the same rights as Japanese would, [nb 6] because social issues in Japan would never be solved if Japan (File of international distribution were not decided.
In its historical prospect Kita's political program was for creating a state socialism in a fascistic oriented "socialism from above", [nb 7] as a tool to unite and strengthen Japanese society. Japan's overseas actions were meant to focus on achieving the independence of India and the maintenance of the Republic of China to stop the partition of China like Africain the name of Asian unity.
He strongly opposed a war against America, which was a popular opinion at that time, because the British Empire would join the war and the Japanese navy would not defeat them.
Kitta Ikki is seen by many as the father of modern fascism in Japan. We don't have an opinion on this theory but mention it for the attention of our readers.
A key point here is the virulent hostility of the author to capitalism. It is important to understand that this was very common in the original aspects of fascism in the west too. It is also important to see his vision of a giant campaign to liberate Asia from European imperialism.
Variations of his views would be adopted by the Japanese government but their heavy handed imperialism in China would prevent the creation of Chinese-Japanese alliance to drive Russia and England out of Asia. This work was published in August in Shanghai, China. The great empire of Japan is at a national turning point as it confronts internal troubles and foreign danger. A majority of the citizens face an uncertain future and seek to learn from the collapse of European states while those who control political, military and financial power for their private ends bury their heads in their sleeves and timidly try and sustain their illegitimate authority.
Abroad, be it Britain, the United States, Germany, Russia, there is not a single power that has not violated its word; even our neighbor China, to whom we have provided protection since the Russo-Japanese War, has rewarded us with contempt.
Truly, we are a small island isolated in the Eastern Sea. There is a danger that the country established by our ancestors will disappear if we make one miscalculation for we see again the danger of internal troubles and foreign danger that our country faced at the end of Tokugawa period and the Meiji Restoration.
The only light that brightens this picture is from the sixty million countrymen that heaven has given us. The First World War was like a punishment from heaven for the arrogant behaviour KTL - 20071004 Ikki European nations comparable to Noah's Flood. We certainly cannot expect plans to rebuild from those who are in a frenzied and confused state after the great destruction, but for out Japan the situation has been the opposite, and these five years have been of blessings.
Europe should talk of reconstruction while we need to proceed with reorganization. All of the citizens of Japan should think with a cool heart of the fundamental reasons for the difference in heaven's rewards and punishment, how the basis for the reorganization of Japan that is desired can be established, decide on a national policy that the whole country unanimously agrees upon, and on the basis of this unity of all the Japanese citizens Kita-Kyushu the emperor to exercise his authority so that while giving homage to the emperor the foundation for the reorganization of the nation can forthwith be established.
Our seven hundred million brethren in China and India have no way of establishing their independence without our aid and help. In our Japan the population has doubled in the last fifty years, and based on the rate of population growth there is no doubt that we will need territory in the next hundred years to sustain a population of at least two hundred and forty or fifty million.
A hundred years for a country are comparable to a hundred days for an individual. How can those who are concerned about this inevitable future, or saddened by the wretched state of neighboring countries, find comfort in the pacifist ideas of doctrinaire socialism. I can positively say that there is no denying that a society progresses through class war, but what is this so-called social science that closes its eyes to wars between people and wars between nations that have taken place since the beginning of mankind.
The authority of the European theory of revolution is based on such a shallow and superficial philosophy so that when it is necessary to comprehend this philosophy of the 'gospel of the sword' then the noble Greece of Asian civilization itself must take the initiative for the reorganization of the nation, and waving the flag for an Asian alliance and a world alliance, spread the teachings of the Way of Heaven to the Four Seas that all people are children of the Buddha.
For the emperor and all the Japanese people to determine the basis for the national reorganization on the basis of imperial authority the constitution will be suspended for three years and both houses dissolved and the entire nation brought under martial law.
Note 1: There is no doubt that in extraordinary times harmful views and voted should be ignored. To regard an assembly or constitution as an absolute ideal is to accept a literal translation of a hallowed idea of kyokenteki Western democracy.
The effect of giving an absolute value to the present form of a government elected by votes ignores those people that have value and is nothing but support for the old order. Napoleon did not compromise with conservative elements even when a large majority of the assembly and the newspapers were full of elements seeking to restore monarchical government and, so, ushered in a pure revolutionary period.
If we look at the progress of people then theytoo, have come from popular groups. Political leaders such as Napoleon and Lenin give rise to such people. With the reorganization of Japan there will certainly be a coalition of popular groups and the leader, leading to the development of power.
Note 4: The necessity of dissolving the two houses is that the nobility and the rich classes who support these houses cannot support the emperor and the people in carrying out the reorganization. The reason for the necessity of suspending the constitution is that these people seek the protection of the present laws enacted under this constitution. The necessity of promulgating martial law is in order that the freedom of the country to suppress their resistance is not restricted in any way.
However, those who in ignorance transplant a semi-revolutionary theory from abroad to argue for reorganization must also be suppressed. The fundamental principles of the emperor as the representative of the people and pillar of the nation must be made clear.
To make this principle clear a complete reform of the imperial court will be carried out on the basis of the spirit of the founder of the nation, Emperor Jimmuand the revolution under the great Emperor Meiji and the present privy councilors and other officials will be dismissed and talent to assist the emperor will be sought from the realm.
An advisory council to assist the emperor will be established. The members of this council MP3) be appointed by the emperor and the council will consist of fifty members.
A member of the advisory council must tender his resignation to the emperor when the cabinet committee takes action against him or the Diet passes a vote of no-confidence against him. However, they will not be responsible to either the cabinet or the Diet. The nation differs according to the spirit of the peoples of each nation and the history of the formation of the nation.
One cannot say that China, which has had a republican government for eight years is more rational than Belgium where one person represents the nation. The American idea of 'democracy' is based on the idea of a society formed through the free will of individuals who enter into a free contract and the extremely crude ideas of the time that individuals broke away from the original countries of Europe and formed village communities and these became nations.
The theory of the divine right of voters was a feeble philosophy, merely the obverse of the divine right of kings. This did not happen with the establishment of Japan, and neither was there a period when such a feeble philosophy was dominant. A system where the head of the state has to manipulate views by selling his name, refining his mannerisms like a low-class actor to fight elections, is for the Japanese race who have been brought up to believe that silence is golden and modesty a virtue, invitation enough to remain a mute spectator to this strange custom….
Limit on Private Wealth. A Japanese citizen will be allowed to own property up to a limit of Yen 3, per family. The same ceiling will apply to Japanese nationals owning property abroad. Violations of this limit by donating the property to blood relatives or others, and attempts to transfer ownership in any other manner, will not be permitted.
Note: Though establishing a ceiling and permitting private wealth below Yen 3 million, I recognize the various theories of social revolution which totally reject private wealth as a final objective and seek to fundamentally transform the understanding of man and Society. The individual's freedom to act and seek enjoyment should not be dependent on private wealth. It is a different and an unimportant problem that some people in reaction to the theories arising from a view of society as all powerful, disregard differences in wealth and urge a uniform equality.
I, however, argue that as individuals' abilities differ, the system must recognize these differences. Man cannot be equal in the desire for physical enjoyment and physical activity…. The state will take over all property exceeding the ceiling without paying compensation.
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