This brought him to the attention of the album's producer, John Hammond ,  who signed Dylan to Columbia Records. Dylan's first album, Bob Dylan , released March 19, ,   consisted of familiar folk, blues and gospel with two original compositions.
The album sold only 5, copies in its first year, just enough to break even. Dylan made two significant career moves in August he legally changed his name to Bob Dylan,   and signed a management contract with Albert Grossman.
Wilson produced the next three albums Dylan recorded. Dylan made his first trip to the United Kingdom from December to January By the release of Dylan's second album, The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan , in May , he had begun to make his name as a singer-songwriter.
Many songs on the album were labeled protest songs , inspired partly by Guthrie and influenced by Pete Seeger 's passion for topical songs. The song was widely recorded by other artists and became a hit for Peter, Paul and Mary. With veiled references to an impending apocalypse, it gained resonance when the Cuban Missile Crisis developed a few weeks after Dylan began performing it. Dylan's topical songs led to his being viewed as more than just a songwriter.
Janet Maslin wrote of Freewheelin ' : "These were the songs that established [Dylan] as the voice of his generation—someone who implicitly understood how concerned young Americans felt about nuclear disarmament and the growing Civil Rights Movement : his mixture of moral authority and nonconformity was perhaps the most timely of his attributes.
Humor was an important part of Dylan's persona,  and the range of material on the album impressed listeners, including the Beatles.
George Harrison said of the album: "We just played it, just wore it out. The content of the song lyrics and just the attitude—it was incredibly original and wonderful". The rough edge of Dylan's singing unsettled some but was an attraction to others. Novelist Joyce Carol Oates wrote: "When we first heard this raw, very young, and seemingly untrained voice, frankly nasal, as if sandpaper could sing, the effect was dramatic and electrifying".
Most attempted a pop feel and rhythm, while Dylan and Baez performed them as sparse folk songs. In contrast to the mostly solo acoustic performances on the album, the single showed a willingness to experiment with a rockabilly sound. Cameron Crowe described it as "a fascinating look at a folk artist with his mind wandering towards Elvis Presley and Sun Records ".
Rather than comply with censorship, Dylan refused to appear. By this time, Dylan and Baez were prominent in the civil rights movement, singing together at the March on Washington on August 28, By the end of , Dylan felt both manipulated and constrained by the folk and protest movements. Kennedy , an intoxicated Dylan questioned the role of the committee, characterized the members as old and balding, and claimed to see something of himself and of every man in Kennedy's assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald.
Another Side of Bob Dylan , recorded in a single evening on June 9, ,  had a lighter mood. In the latter half of and into , Dylan moved from folk songwriter to folk-rock pop-music star. His jeans and work shirts were replaced by a Carnaby Street wardrobe, sunglasses day or night, and pointed " Beatle boots ".
A London reporter wrote: "Hair that would set the teeth of a comb on edge. A loud shirt that would dim the neon lights of Leicester Square. He looks like an undernourished cockatoo. Appearing on the Les Crane television show and asked about a movie he planned, he told Crane it would be a cowboy horror movie. Asked if he played the cowboy, Dylan replied, "No, I play my mother". Dylan's late March album Bringing It All Back Home was another leap,  featuring his first recordings with electric instruments, under producer Tom Wilson's guidance.
Pennebaker said the sequence was Dylan's idea, and it has been imitated in music videos and advertisements. The second side of Bringing It All Back Home contained four long songs on which Dylan accompanied himself on acoustic guitar and harmonica. Tambourine Man " became one of his best-known songs when the Byrds recorded an electric version that reached number one in the US and UK.
In , headlining the Newport Folk Festival , Dylan performed his first electric set since high school with a pickup group featuring Mike Bloomfield on guitar and Al Kooper on organ. One version has it that the boos were from folk fans whom Dylan had alienated by appearing, unexpectedly, with an electric guitar.
Murray Lerner , who filmed the performance, said: "I absolutely think that they were booing Dylan going electric. Nevertheless, Dylan's performance provoked a hostile response from the folk music establishment.
Only a completely non-critical audience, nourished on the watery pap of pop music, could have fallen for such tenth-rate drivel". The lyrics contained images of vengeance and paranoia,  and have been interpreted as Dylan's put-down of former friends from the folk community he had known in clubs along West 4th Street. Eliot and Ezra Pound , and some who fit into none of the above categories, notably Dr.
Filth and his dubious nurse". In support of the album, Dylan was booked for two U. The band's reception on September 3 at the Hollywood Bowl was more favorable. Producer Bob Johnston persuaded Dylan to record in Nashville in February , and surrounded him with top-notch session men.
On November 22, , Dylan quietly married year-old former model Sara Lownds. Bob Dylan is wed". Dylan toured Australia and Europe in April and May Each show was split in two. Dylan performed solo during the first half, accompanying himself on acoustic guitar and harmonica. In the second, backed by the Hawks , he played electrically amplified music.
This contrast provoked many fans, who jeered and slow handclapped. At the climax of the evening, a member of the audience, angered by Dylan's electric backing, shouted: " Judas! You're a liar! During his tour, Dylan was described as exhausted and acting "as if on a death trip". Pennebaker, the filmmaker accompanying the tour, described Dylan as "taking a lot of amphetamine and who-knows-what-else".
It wore me down. I was on drugs, a lot of things Dylan said he broke several vertebrae in his neck. Truth was that I wanted to get out of the rat race.
Once Dylan was well enough to resume creative work, he began to edit D. Pennebaker's film of his tour. A rough cut was shown to ABC Television, but they rejected it as incomprehensible to mainstream audiences. Columbia released a selection in as The Basement Tapes double album. Other songs recorded by Dylan and his band in appeared piecemeal on bootleg recordings, but they were not released in their entirety until as The Basement Tapes Complete.
In the fall of , Dylan returned to studio recording in Nashville,  accompanied by Charlie McCoy on bass,  Kenny Buttrey on drums  and Pete Drake on steel guitar. The sparse structure and instrumentation, with lyrics that took the Judeo-Christian tradition seriously, was a departure from Dylan's previous work. Somehow he has managed to add an octave to his range. In the early s, critics charged that Dylan's output was varied and unpredictable.
Rolling Stone writer Greil Marcus asked "What is this shit? Dylan's surprise appearance at Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh attracted media coverage, reflecting that Dylan's live appearances had become rare.
For many, the single was a surprising return to protest material, mourning the killing of Black Panther George Jackson in San Quentin State Prison that year. In , Dylan signed to Sam Peckinpah 's film Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid , providing songs and backing music for the movie, and playing "Alias", a member of Billy's gang with some historical basis. Also in , Dylan protested the move to deport John Lennon and Yoko Ono , who had been convicted of possessing cannabis, by sending a letter to the U.
Let them stay and live here and breathe. The country's got plenty of room and space. Let John and Yoko stay! Dylan began by signing with a new label, David Geffen 's Asylum Records when his contract with Columbia Records expired. In January , Dylan, backed by the Band, embarked on a North American tour of 40 concerts—his first tour for seven years.
A live double album, Before the Flood , was released on Asylum Records. Soon, according to Clive Davis , Columbia Records sent word they "will spare nothing to bring Dylan back into the fold. After the tour, Dylan and his wife became estranged.
He filled a small red notebook with songs about relationships and ruptures, and recorded an album titled Blood on the Tracks in September Released in early , Blood on the Tracks received mixed reviews.
In the NME , Nick Kent described the "accompaniments" as "often so trashy they sound like mere practice takes". For the Salon website, journalist Bill Wyman wrote: " Blood on the Tracks is his only flawless album and his best produced; the songs, each of them, are constructed in disciplined fashion.
It is his kindest album and most dismayed, and seems in hindsight to have achieved a sublime balance between the logorrhea-plagued excesses of his mids output and the self-consciously simple compositions of his post-accident years".
In the middle of that year, Dylan championed boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter , imprisoned for a triple murder in Paterson, New Jersey , with his ballad " Hurricane " making the case for Carter's innocence. Despite its length—over eight minutes—the song was released as a single, peaking at 33 on the U. Billboard chart , and performed at every date of Dylan's next tour, the Rolling Thunder Revue. Running through late and again through early , the tour encompassed the release of the album Desire , with many of Dylan's new songs featuring a travelogue -like narrative style, showing the influence of his new collaborator, playwright Jacques Levy.
The tour with the Revue provided the backdrop to Dylan's nearly four-hour film Renaldo and Clara , a sprawling narrative mixed with concert footage and reminiscences.
Released in , the movie received poor, sometimes scathing, reviews. Martin Scorsese 's cinematic chronicle of the concert, The Last Waltz , included most of Dylan's set.
In , Dylan embarked on a year-long world tour , performing shows in Japan, the Far East, Europe and North America, to a total audience of two million. Dylan assembled an eight-piece band and three backing singers. I put a lot of money into the movie, built a big house In the late s, Dylan converted to Evangelical Christianity ,   undertaking a three-month discipleship course run by the Association of Vineyard Churches ;   and released three albums of contemporary gospel music.
Wexler said that Dylan had tried to evangelize him during the recording. He replied: "Bob, you're dealing with a year-old Jewish atheist. Let's just make an album. His second Christian-themed album, Saved , received mixed reviews, described by Michael Gray as "the nearest thing to a follow-up album Dylan has ever made, Slow Train Coming II and inferior".
Years ago they I used to say, "No I'm not a prophet", they say "Yes you are, you're a prophet. Now I come out and say Jesus Christ is the answer. They say, "Bob Dylan's no prophet. Dylan's Christianity was unpopular with some fans and musicians.
In late , Dylan briefly played concerts billed as "A Musical Retrospective", restoring popular s songs to the repertoire.
Shot of Love , recorded early the next year, featured his first secular compositions in more than two years, mixed with Christian songs. In the s, reception of Dylan's recordings varied, from the well-regarded Infidels in to the panned Down in the Groove in Michael Gray condemned Dylan's s albums for carelessness in the studio and for failing to release his best songs.
Baker said he felt he was hired to make Dylan's album sound "a little bit more contemporary". Backed by Keith Richards and Ronnie Wood , he performed a ragged version of "Hollis Brown", his ballad of rural poverty, and then said to the worldwide audience exceeding one billion people: "I hope that some of the money In April , Dylan made a foray into rap music when he added vocals to the opening verse of "Street Rock", featured on Kurtis Blow 's album Kingdom Blow.
One reviewer commented that "the record follows too many detours to be consistently compelling, and some of those detours wind down roads that are indisputably dead ends. By , such uneven records weren't entirely unexpected by Dylan, but that didn't make them any less frustrating.
In and , Dylan toured with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers , sharing vocals with Petty on several songs each night. This received negative reviews; AllMusic said it was "quite possibly the worst album by either Bob Dylan or the Grateful Dead". Dylan would continue to tour with a small, changing band for the next 30 years.
In , Dylan starred in Richard Marquand 's movie Hearts of Fire , in which he played Billy Parker, a washed-up rock star turned chicken farmer whose teenage lover Fiona leaves him for a jaded English synth-pop sensation played by Rupert Everett. The film was a critical and commercial flop. Dylan was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in January , with Bruce Springsteen's introduction declaring, "Bob freed your mind the way Elvis freed your body.
He showed us that just because music was innately physical did not mean that it was anti-intellectual". The album Down in the Groove in May sold even more poorly than his previous studio album. Here was a further devaluing of the notion of a new Bob Dylan album as something significant. Dylan finished the decade on a critical high note with Oh Mercy produced by Daniel Lanois. Michael Gray wrote that the album was: "Attentively written, vocally distinctive, musically warm, and uncompromisingly professional, this cohesive whole is the nearest thing to a great Bob Dylan album in the s.
The record received bad reviews and sold poorly. In and Dylan was described by his biographers as drinking heavily, impairing his performances on stage. I can drink or not drink. I don't know why people would associate drinking with anything I do, really. He then made a short speech: "My daddy once said to me, he said, 'Son, it is possible for you to become so defiled in this world that your own mother and father will abandon you.
If that happens, God will believe in your ability to mend your own ways. Over the next few years Dylan returned to his roots with two albums covering traditional folk and blues songs: Good as I Been to You and World Gone Wrong , backed solely by his acoustic guitar. He said his wish to perform traditional songs was overruled by Sony executives who insisted on hits.
With a collection of songs reportedly written while snowed in on his Minnesota ranch,  Dylan booked recording time with Daniel Lanois at Miami's Criteria Studios in January The subsequent recording sessions were, by some accounts, fraught with musical tension.
His scheduled European tour was cancelled, but Dylan made a speedy recovery and left the hospital saying, "I really thought I'd be seeing Elvis soon. The Pope treated the audience of , people to a homily based on Dylan's lyric "Blowin' in the Wind". With its bitter assessment of love and morbid ruminations, Dylan's first collection of original songs in seven years was highly acclaimed. One critic wrote: "the songs themselves are uniformly powerful, adding up to Dylan's best overall collection in years.
In December , U. President Bill Clinton presented Dylan with a Kennedy Center Honor in the East Room of the White House , paying this tribute: "He probably had more impact on people of my generation than any other creative artist. His voice and lyrics haven't always been easy on the ear, but throughout his career Bob Dylan has never aimed to please.
He's disturbed the peace and discomforted the powerful". Recorded with his touring band, Dylan produced the album himself under the pseudonym Jack Frost. The film polarised critics: many dismissed it as an "incoherent mess";   a few treated it as a serious work of art. Confounding expectations,  Dylan devoted three chapters to his first year in New York City in —, virtually ignoring the mids when his fame was at its height.
He also devoted chapters to the albums New Morning and Oh Mercy Dylan's career as a radio presenter commenced on May 3, , with his weekly radio program, Theme Time Radio Hour for XM Satellite Radio , with song selections on chosen themes.
Cool J and the Streets. The show was praised by fans and critics, as Dylan told stories and made eclectic references, commenting on his musical choices. Dylan resurrected his Theme Time Radio Hour format when he broadcast a two-hour special on the theme of "Whiskey" on Sirius Radio on September 21, Dylan released his Modern Times album in August Despite some coarsening of Dylan's voice a critic for The Guardian characterised his singing on the album as "a catarrhal death rattle"  most reviewers praised the album, and many described it as the final installment of a successful trilogy, embracing Time Out of Mind and "Love and Theft".
In August , the award-winning film biography of Dylan I'm Not There , written and directed by Todd Haynes , was released—bearing the tagline "inspired by the music and many lives of Bob Dylan. On October 1, , Columbia Records released the triple CD retrospective album Dylan , anthologising his entire career under the Dylan 07 logo. This became evident in , when Dylan appeared in a TV advertisement for Victoria's Secret lingerie. The Bootleg Series Vol. The set contains live performances and outtakes from selected studio albums from Oh Mercy to Modern Times , as well as soundtrack contributions and collaborations with David Bromberg and Ralph Stanley.
In a conversation with music journalist Bill Flanagan, published on Dylan's website, Dylan explained that the genesis of the record was when French film director Olivier Dahan asked him to supply a song for his new road movie , My Own Love Song ; initially only intending to record a single track, "Life Is Hard", "the record sort of took its own direction".
These songs are part of my life, just like folk songs. You have to play them straight too". It comprised 47 demo recordings of songs taped between and for Dylan's earliest music publishers: Leeds Music in , and Witmark Music from to One reviewer described the set as "a hearty glimpse of young Bob Dylan changing the music business, and the world, one note at a time". The CDs were housed in miniature facsimiles of the original album covers, replete with original liner notes.
The set was accompanied by a booklet featuring an essay by music critic Greil Marcus. The tape was discovered in the archive of music writer Ralph J. Gleason , and the recording carries liner notes by Michael Gray , who says it captures Dylan "from way back when Kennedy was President and the Beatles hadn't yet reached America. It reveals him not at any Big Moment but giving a performance like his folk club sets of the period This is the last live performance we have of Bob Dylan before he becomes a star".
The extent to which his work was studied at an academic level was demonstrated on Dylan's 70th birthday on May 24, , when three universities organized symposia on his work. The University of Mainz ,  the University of Vienna ,  and the University of Bristol  invited literary critics and cultural historians to give papers on aspects of Dylan's work. Other events, including tribute bands, discussions and simple singalongs, took place around the world, as reported in The Guardian : "From Moscow to Madrid, Norway to Northampton and Malaysia to his home state of Minnesota, self-confessed 'Bobcats' will gather today to celebrate the 70th birthday of a giant of popular music".
On May 29, , U. At the ceremony, Obama praised Dylan's voice for its "unique gravelly power that redefined not just what music sounded like but the message it carried and how it made people feel".
Dylan's 35th studio album, Tempest was released on September 11, The box set also included a live recording of Dylan's performance with the Band at the Isle of Wight Festival in Another Self Portrait received favorable reviews, earning a score of 81 on the critical aggregator, Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim".
Columbia Records released a boxed set containing all 35 Dylan studio albums, six albums of live recordings, and a collection, titled Sidetracks , of non-album material , Bob Dylan: Complete Album Collection: Vol. One , in November The interactive video, created by director Vania Heymann , allowed viewers to switch between 16 simulated TV channels, all featuring characters who are lip-synching the lyrics of the year-old song.
Dylan appeared in a commercial for the Chrysler car which was screened during the Super Bowl American football game played on February 2, At the end of the commercial, Dylan says: "So let Germany brew your beer, let Switzerland make your watch, let Asia assemble your phone. We will build your car. In and , auction house sales demonstrated the high cultural value attached to Dylan's mids work and the record prices that collectors were willing to pay for artefacts from this period.
The book was edited by literary critic Christopher Ricks , Julie Nemrow and Lisa Nemrow, to offer variant versions of Dylan's songs, sourced from out-takes and live performances. The album The Basement Tapes had contained just 24 tracks from the material which Dylan and the Band had recorded at their homes in Woodstock, New York in Subsequently, over recordings and alternate takes had circulated on bootleg records.
In February , Dylan released Shadows in the Night , featuring ten songs written between and ,   which have been described as part of the Great American Songbook.
They've been covered enough. Buried, as a matter a fact. What me and my band are basically doing is uncovering them. Lifting them out of the grave and bringing them into the light of day". The sale of Dylan's extensive archive of about 6, items of memorabilia to the George Kaiser Family Foundation and the University of Tulsa was announced on March 2, The archive comprises notebooks, drafts of Dylan lyrics, recordings, and correspondence. Dylan released Fallen Angels —described as "a direct continuation of the work of 'uncovering' the Great Songbook that he began on last year's Shadows In the Night "—in May.
They're memory songs now, intoned with a present sense of commitment. Released just four days ahead of his 75th birthday, they couldn't be more age-appropriate". Dylan released a triple album of a further 30 recordings of classic American songs, Triplicate , in March Dylan's 38th studio album was recorded in Hollywood's Capitol Studios and features his touring band.
No I wouldn't say that. It's not taking a trip down memory lane or longing and yearning for the good old days or fond memories of what's no more. A song like " Sentimental Journey " is not a way back when song, it doesn't emulate the past, it's attainable and down to earth, it's in the here and now. Critics praised the thoroughness of Dylan's exploration of the great American songbook, though, in the opinion of Uncut : "For all its easy charms, Triplicate labours its point to the brink of overkill.
After five albums' worth of croon toons, this feels like a fat full stop on a fascinating chapter". The next edition of Dylan's Bootleg Series revisited Dylan's "Born Again" Christian period of to , which was described by Rolling Stone as "an intense, wildly controversial time that produced three albums and some of the most confrontational concerts of his long career". Dylan's unmistakable fervor, his sense of mission. The studio albums are subdued, even tentative, compared with what the songs became on the road.
Dylan's voice is clear, cutting and ever improvisational; working the crowds, he was emphatic, committed, sometimes teasingly combative. And the band tears into the music". The box set album received an aggregate score of 84 on the critical website Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim".
The song has previously been recorded by Billie Holiday and Frank Sinatra. Also in April , The New York Times announced that Dylan was launching Heaven's Door, a range of three whiskeys: a straight rye, a straight bourbon and a "double-barreled" whiskey.
Dylan has been involved in both the creation and the marketing of the range. The Times described the venture as "Mr. Dylan's entry into the booming celebrity-branded spirits market, the latest career twist for an artist who has spent five decades confounding expectations". The set comprises five full Dylan performances from the tour and recently discovered tapes from Dylan's tour rehearsals.
Stay safe, stay observant and may God be with you. This was the first time that Dylan had scored a number one song on a pop chart under his own name.
Rough and Rowdy Ways , Dylan's 39th studio album and his first album of original material since , was released on June 19 to favorable reviews. On Rough and Rowdy Ways , Dylan is exploring terrain nobody else has reached before—yet he just keeps pushing on into the future.
In exchange for its payment to Dylan, Universal, a division of the French media conglomerate Vivendi , will collect all future income from the songs.
Lucian Grainge , Chairman and CEO of Universal Music Group , said in a press release: "The deal is the most significant music publishing agreement this century and one of the most important of all time. The Never Ending Tour commenced on June 7, ,  and Dylan has played roughly dates a year for the entirety of the s and s—a heavier schedule than most performers who started out in the s. Critics such as Richard Williams and Andy Gill have argued that Dylan has found a successful way to present his rich legacy of material.
In , Dylan undertook two tours in Europe. In October , Dylan's touring company indicated that he would play 14 concerts in Japan in April The cover of Dylan's album Self Portrait is a reproduction of a painting of a face by Dylan.
The exhibition coincided with the publication of Bob Dylan: The Drawn Blank Series , which includes reproductions from the series. In July , a leading contemporary art gallery, Gagosian Gallery , announced their representation of Dylan's paintings.
The show consisted of thirty paintings, transforming and satirizing popular magazines, including Playboy and Babytalk. In November , the Halcyon Gallery in London mounted Mood Swings , an exhibition in which Dylan displayed seven wrought iron gates he had made. In a statement released by the gallery, Dylan said, "I've been around iron all my life ever since I was a kid.
I was born and raised in iron ore country, where you could breathe it and smell it every day. Gates appeal to me because of the negative space they allow. They can be closed but at the same time they allow the seasons and breezes to enter and flow. They can shut you out or shut you in. And in some ways there is no difference". In November , the Halcyon Gallery featured a collection of drawings, watercolors and acrylic works by Dylan.
The works consisted of Dylan hand-written lyrics of his songs, with each song illustrated by a drawing. Since , Dylan has published eight books of paintings and drawings. Dylan has published Tarantula , a work of prose poetry ; Chronicles: Volume One , the first part of his memoirs; several books of the lyrics of his songs, and eight books of his art.
He has also been the subject of numerous biographies and critical studies. Dylan's first serious relationship was with artist Suze Rotolo , a daughter of American Communist Party radicals. According to Dylan, "She was the most erotic thing I'd ever seen The air was suddenly filled with banana leaves. We started talking and my head started to spin". The relationship ended in When Joan Baez first met Dylan in April , she had already released her first album and was acclaimed as the "Queen of Folk".
K, their romantic relationship had begun to fizzle out, as captured in D. Pennebaker's documentary film Dont Look Back. Dylan married Sara Lownds , who had worked as a model and a secretary at Drew Associates , on November 22, Dylan also adopted Sara's daughter from a prior marriage, Maria Lownds later Dylan, born October 21, Bob and Sara Dylan were divorced on June 29, Jakob became well known as the lead singer of the band the Wallflowers in the s.
Dylan married his backup singer Carolyn Dennis often professionally known as Carol Dennis on June 4, Desiree Gabrielle Dennis-Dylan, their daughter, was born on January 31, Their marriage and child remained a closely guarded secret until the publication of Howard Sounes 's biography Down the Highway: The Life of Bob Dylan , in When not touring, Dylan is believed to live primarily in Point Dume , a promontory on the coast of Malibu, California , though he also owns property around the world.
Growing up in Hibbing, Minnesota, Dylan and his family were part of the area's small, close-knit Jewish community and in May Dylan had his Bar Mitzvah. In the late s, Dylan converted to Christianity. He responded by saying, 'Yes he did in fact want Christ in his life'. And he prayed that day and received the Lord". By , Dylan was distancing himself from the " born again " label. That's just a media term. I don't think I've been an agnostic.
I've always thought there's a superior power, that this is not the real world and that there's a world to come". In , he told David Gates of Newsweek :. Here's the thing with me and the religious thing. This is the flat-out truth: I find the religiosity and philosophy in the music. I don't find it anywhere else. I don't adhere to rabbis, preachers, evangelists, all of that. I've learned more from the songs than I've learned from any of this kind of entity.
The songs are my lexicon. I believe the songs. Dylan has supported the Chabad Lubavitch movement,  and has privately participated in Jewish religious events, including the Bar Mitzvahs of his sons and attending Hadar Hatorah , a Chabad Lubavitch yeshiva. In September and September , he appeared on the Chabad telethon. Dylan has continued to perform songs from his gospel albums in concert, occasionally covering traditional religious songs.
He has also made passing references to his religious faith—such as in a interview with 60 Minutes , when he told Ed Bradley that "the only person you have to think twice about lying to is either yourself or to God. The Nobel Prize committee announced on October 13, , that it would be awarding Dylan the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition. Dylan, 75, is the first musician to win the award, and his selection on Thursday is perhaps the most radical choice in a history stretching back to Whoever dreams about something like that?
Ambassador to Sweden. On April 2, , Academy secretary Sara Danius reported: "Earlier today the Swedish Academy met with Bob Dylan for a private ceremony [with no media present] in Stockholm, during which Dylan received his gold medal and diploma. Twelve members of the Academy were present. Spirits were high. Champagne was had. Quite a bit of time was spent looking closely at the gold medal, in particular the beautifully crafted back, an image of a young man sitting under a laurel tree who listens to the Muse.
Taken from Virgil's Aeneid , the inscription reads: Inventas vitam iuvat excoluisse per artes , loosely translated as "And they who bettered life on earth by their newly found mastery". Dylan's deadline June 10". Now that the lecture has been delivered, the Dylan adventure is coming to a close". He concludes: "Our songs are alive in the land of the living.
But songs are unlike literature. They're meant to be sung, not read. The words in Shakespeare's plays were meant to be acted on the stage. Just as lyrics in songs are meant to be sung, not read on a page.
And I hope some of you get the chance to listen to these lyrics the way they were intended to be heard: in concert or on record or however people are listening to songs these days. I return once again to Homer, who says, 'Sing in me, oh Muse, and through me tell the story'". Dylan has been described as one of the most influential figures of the 20th century, musically and culturally.
He was included in the Time The Most Important People of the Century , where he was called "master poet, caustic social critic and intrepid, guiding spirit of the counterculture generation. Initially modeling his writing style on the songs of Woody Guthrie ,  the blues of Robert Johnson ,  and what he termed the "architectural forms" of Hank Williams songs,  Dylan added increasingly sophisticated lyrical techniques to the folk music of the early s, infusing it "with the intellectualism of classic literature and poetry".
He so enlarged himself through the folk background that he incorporated it for a while. He defined the genre for a while". When Dylan made his move from acoustic folk and blues music to a rock backing, the mix became more complex. For many critics, his greatest achievement was the cultural synthesis exemplified by his mids trilogy of albums— Bringing It All Back Home , Highway 61 Revisited and Blonde on Blonde. In Mike Marqusee 's words:. Between late and the middle of , Dylan created a body of work that remains unique.
The beauty of these albums retains the power to shock and console. Dylan's lyrics began to receive detailed scrutiny from academics and poets as early as , when Stanford University sponsored the first international academic conference on Bob Dylan to be held in the United States. Thomas , Classics professor at Harvard University , created a freshman seminar titled "Dylan" "to put the artist in context of not just popular culture of the last half-century, but the tradition of classical poets like Virgil and Homer ".
Literary critic Christopher Ricks published Dylan's Visions of Sin , a page analysis of Dylan's work,  and has said: "I'd not have written a book about Dylan, to stand alongside my books on Milton and Keats , Tennyson and T.
Eliot , if I didn't think Dylan a genius of and with language. Dylan's voice also received critical attention. Robert Shelton described his early vocal style as "a rusty voice suggesting Guthrie's old performances, etched in gravel like Dave Van Ronk's". His voice continued to develop as he began to work with rock'n'roll backing bands; critic Michael Gray described the sound of Dylan's vocal work on "Like a Rolling Stone" as "at once young and jeeringly cynical".
Christophe Lebold writes in the journal Oral Tradition , "Dylan's more recent broken voice enables him to present a world view at the sonic surface of the songs—this voice carries us across the landscape of a broken, fallen world. The anatomy of a broken world in "Everything is Broken" on the album Oh Mercy is but an example of how the thematic concern with all things broken is grounded in a concrete sonic reality".
Dylan is considered a seminal influence on many musical genres. Tambourine Man " and the subsequent album , while the Band were Dylan's backing band on his tour , recorded The Basement Tapes with him in  and featured three previously unreleased Dylan songs on their debut album.
Some critics have dissented from the view of Dylan as a visionary figure in popular music. In his book Awopbopaloobop Alopbamboom , Nik Cohn objected: "I can't take the vision of Dylan as seer, as teenage messiah, as everything else he's been worshipped as. The way I see him, he's a minor talent with a major gift for self-hype. Fellow musicians have also presented differing views.
Joni Mitchell described Dylan as a "plagiarist" and his voice as "fake" in a interview in the Los Angeles Times. Mitchell's original comments led to discussions on Dylan's use of other people's material, both supporting and criticizing him.
If Dylan's work in the s was seen as bringing intellectual ambition to popular music,  critics in the 21st century described him as a figure who had greatly expanded the folk culture from which he initially emerged. Hoberman wrote in his Village Voice review:. Elvis might never have been born, but someone else would surely have brought the world rock 'n' roll. No such logic accounts for Bob Dylan. No iron law of history demanded that a would-be Elvis from Hibbing, Minnesota, would swerve through the Greenwich Village folk revival to become the world's first and greatest rock 'n' roll beatnik bard and then—having achieved fame and adoration beyond reckoning—vanish into a folk tradition of his own making.
Dylan's archive, comprising notebooks, song drafts, business contracts, recordings and movie out-takes, is held at the Gilcrease Museum's Helmerich Center for American Research in Tulsa, Oklahoma , which is also the home of the papers of Woody Guthrie. The 1. In , a foot wide Dylan mural by Brazilian street artist Eduardo Kobra was unveiled in downtown Minneapolis.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American singer-songwriter, author and artist. This article is about the musician. For his debut album, see Bob Dylan album. Duluth, Minnesota , U. Singer-songwriter artist writer. Sara Dylan. Carolyn Dennis. Folk blues rock gospel country traditional pop vocal jazz. Vocals guitar keyboards harmonica. Columbia Asylum. I wanted to write a big song, some kind of theme song, with short concise verses that piled up on each other in a hypnotic way.
The civil rights movement and the folk music movement were pretty close and allied together at that time. Main articles: Electric Dylan controversy and Folk rock. Dylan's hit single, which appeared on the album Highway 61 Revisited. In , it was chosen as the greatest song of all time by Rolling Stone magazine.
Dylan said of the opening song from Blood on the Tracks : "I was trying to deal with the concept of time, and the way the characters change from the first person to the third person, and you're never sure if the first person is talking or the third person.
But as you look at the whole thing it really doesn't matter. Dylan took five months off at the beginning of to attend Bible school. Billboard chart and included this Grammy -winning song. Dylan's Oscar -winning song was featured in the movie Wonder Boys.
The line "sapphire-tinted skies" echoes the verse of Shelley  while "forty miles of bad road" echoes Duane Eddy 's hit single. Main article: Rough and Rowdy Ways. Main article: Never Ending Tour.
Main article: Bob Dylan bibliography. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Bob Dylan. Play media. Shelton surmises that Dillon had two sources: Marshal Matt Dillon was the hero of the TV western Gunsmoke ; Dillon was also the name of one of Hibbing's principal families.
While Shelton was writing Dylan's biography in the s, Dylan told him, "Straighten out in your book that I did not take my name from Dylan Thomas. Dylan Thomas's poetry is for people that aren't really satisfied in their bed, for people who dig masculine romance.
He later told reporters that he had an uncle named Dillon. Shelton added that only when he reached New York in did the singer begin to spell his name "Dylan", by which time he was acquainted with the life and work of Dylan Thomas. Shelton , pp.
He came to feel it was a label the media had pinned on him, and in his autobiography, Chronicles , Dylan wrote: "The press never let up. Once in a while I would have to rise up and offer myself for an interview so they wouldn't beat the door down. Paul and it blew my mind. Michael Schumacher March 14, First Thought: Conversations with Allen Ginsberg. University of Minnesota Press.
ISBN Who's been reading him lately? And who's pushed him to the forefront? And if you think it's so easy to quote him and it can help your work, do it yourself and see how far you can get.
Wussies and pussies complain about that stuff. It's an old thing—it's part of the tradition. Retrieved January 6, Rolling Stone.
April 10, Retrieved January 29, April 7, Archived from the original on October 31, October 13, Archived from the original PDF on September 20, September 24, Archived from the original on July 28, Retrieved January 7, Minnesota Birth Index, — Retrieved September 6, Jewish Journal. Retrieved May 20, Jewish Telegraphic Agency. May 21, Retrieved May 16, Japan Times. Retrieved December 30, May 7, University of Minnesota. Archived from the original on September 8, Retrieved December 15, CBS News.
Retrieved February 25, Retrieved April 7, The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, Retrieved December 8, The Guardian. Retrieved March 19, Retrieved March 4, The Observer. Retrieved June 17, October 7, Retrieved June 5, The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved September 24, See Heylin , pp. And I'm trying to go up without thinking of anything trivial such as politics.
Retrieved May 17, Omnibus Press. Top Pop Singles — Record Research Inc. October 25, Archived from the original on April 12, Retrieved September 7, City Pages. Village Voice Media. April 28, Archived from the original on April 29, Retrieved May 1, Buffalo Report. Archived from the original on February 23, Retrieved May 8, Some of the paraphernalia of fame were getting in your way. This letter has been mistakenly described as a response to Dylan's Newport appearance. Retrieved April 21, December 9, Archived from the original To see publishing date, click "Like a Rolling Stone" and scroll to the bottom of the resulting page on October 25, It's that thin, that wild mercury sound.
It's metallic and bright gold, with whatever that conjures up. October 6, Retrieved January 25, Reprinted in Cott ed.
American Heritage. Archived from the original on November 6, Retrieved June 18, Retrieved January 30, Bjorner's Still On the Road. Retrieved November 10, Retrieved October 31, February 18, Retrieved August 20, Archived from the original on January 13, Retrieved May 2, Lee wrote: "In Garrett's ghost-written memoir, The Authentic Life of Billy, the Kid , published within a year of Billy's death, he wrote that 'Billy's partner doubtless had a name which was his legal property, but he was so given to changing it that it is impossible to fix on the right one.
Billy always called him Alias. Retrieved June 11, NPR Music. June 26, Retrieved October 1, May 5, Bjorner's Still on the Road. August 20, Retrieved July 7, Retrieved February 18, London: Continuum International, p. Discography Awards Bibliography Songs written by Dylan.
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