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DPReview Digital Photography. East Dane Designer Men's Fashion. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. His name was initially misspelled as Anthony on his birth certificate. He attended Howard University , leaving to start work as a helper to an ice delivery man.
By age 14, Domino was performing in New Orleans bars. Domino was signed to the Imperial Records label in by owner Lew Chudd , to be paid royalties based on sales instead of a fee for each song.
He and producer Dave Bartholomew wrote " The Fat Man ", a toned down version of a song about drug addicts called " Junker Blues "; the record had sold a million copies by Domino released a series of hit songs with Bartholomew also the co-writer of many of the songs , the saxophonists Herbert Hardesty and Alvin "Red" Tyler , the bassist Billy Diamond and later Frank Fields , and the drummers Earl Palmer and Smokey Johnson.
Other notable and long-standing musicians in Domino's band were the saxophonists Reggie Houston ,  Lee Allen ,  and Fred Kemp, Domino's trusted bandleader. While Domino's own recordings were done for Imperial, he sometimes sat in during that time as a session musician on recordings by other artists for other record labels.
Dave Bartholomew was producing Price's record, which also featured familiar Domino collaborators Hardesty, Fields and Palmer as sidemen, and he asked Domino to play the piano part, replacing the original session pianist.
This was the first of his records to appear on the Billboard pop singles chart on July 16, , with the debut at number Domino eventually had 37 Top 40 singles, but none made it to number 1 on the Pop chart.
Domino's debut album contained several of his recent hits and earlier blues tracks that had not been released as singles, and was issued on the Imperial label catalogue number in November , and was reissued as Rock and Rollin' with Fats Domino.
It was his biggest hit,  selling more than 5 million copies worldwide in and He was also featured in a movie of the same name. The police used tear gas to break up the unruly crowd.
Domino jumped out a window to avoid the melee; he and two members of his band were slightly injured. So they were mixing alcohol, plus dancing, plus the races together for the first time in a lot of these places. Domino had a steady series of hits for Imperial through early , including "Walking' to New Orleans" , Pop number 6 , co-written by Bobby Charles , and " My Girl Josephine " Pop number 14 in the same year. He toured Europe in and met the Beatles who would later cite Domino as an inspiration.
Imperial Records was sold in early ,  and Domino left the label. The label dictated that he record in Nashville, Tennessee , rather than New Orleans. He was assigned a new producer Felton Jarvis and a new arranger Bill Justis.
Domino's long-term collaboration with the producer, arranger, and frequent co-writer Dave Bartholomew , who oversaw virtually all of his Imperial hits,  was seemingly at an end.
Jarvis and Justis changed the Domino sound somewhat, notably by adding the backing of a countrypolitan -style vocal chorus to most of his new recordings.
By the end of the British Invasion had changed the tastes of the record-buying public, and Domino's chart run was over. Despite the lack of chart success, Domino continued to record steadily until about , leaving ABC-Paramount in mid and recording for Mercury Records , where he delivered a live album and two singles. A studio album was planned but stalled with just four tracks recorded. Dave Bartholomew's small Broadmoor label reuniting with Bartholomew along the way , featured many contemporary Soul infused sides and a few single releases but an album was not released overseas until to fulfill his Reprise Records contract.
He shifted to that label after Broadmoor and had a Top single, a cover of the Beatles ' " Lady Madonna ". He made a cameo appearance in Clint Eastwood's movie Any Which Way You Can , filmed in and released in , singing the country song "Whiskey Heaven", which later became a minor hit.
Domino lived in a mansion in a predominantly working-class neighborhood in the Lower Ninth Ward , where he was a familiar sight in his bright pink Cadillac automobile. His last tour was in Europe, for three weeks in As Hurricane Katrina approached New Orleans in August , Domino chose to stay at home with his family, partly because his wife, Rosemary, was in poor health. His house was in an area that was heavily flooded. Domino was rumored to have died,  and his home was vandalized when someone spray-painted the message "RIP Fats.
You will be missed". On September 1, the talent agent Al Embry announced that he had not heard from Domino since before the hurricane struck. Until then, even family members had not heard from him since before the storm. The family was then taken to a shelter in Baton Rouge , after which they were picked up by JaMarcus Russell , the starting quarterback of the Louisiana State University football team, and the boyfriend of Domino's granddaughter.
He let the family stay in his apartment. The Washington Post reported that on September 2, they had left Russell's apartment after sleeping three nights on the couch. By January , work to gut and repair Domino's home and office had begun see Reconstruction of New Orleans.
In the meantime, the Domino family resided in Harvey, Louisiana. President George W. Yet in the mids it was still true that, with record sales of 60 or 70m, no one had outsold him except Elvis and the Beatles. He behaved like a star. When he toured he took pairs of shoes and 30 suits on the road, and wore big diamond rings.
That head of his was a perfect cube, thanks to his flat-top haircut. This would became fashionable 30 years after he pioneered it. The tenor saxist Herb Hardesty would support Domino for half a century.
The second number recorded was The Fat Man named after a radio detective , which sold , in the black market and gave the year-old the first of many gold discs.
Domino and Chudd soon fell out with Bartholomew, the man held to have given Domino his musical credibility. Domino recorded without him, using his own musicians, including his brother-in-law Harrison Verrett. Domino rarely took sole composer-credit for songs. In his amiable, non-confrontational way, Domino offered this liberation early.