The Old French noun legende derives from the Medieval Latin legenda. The word legendary was originally a noun introduced in the s meaning a collection or corpus of legends.
By , English-speaking Protestants began to use the word when they wished to imply that an event especially the story of any saint not acknowledged in John Foxe 's Actes and Monuments was fictitious.
Thus, legend gained its modern connotations of "undocumented" and " spurious ", which distinguish it from the meaning of chronicle. In , Jacob Grimm described the fairy tale as "poetic, legend historic. Questions of categorising legends, in hopes of compiling a content-based series of categories on the line of the Aarne—Thompson folktale index, provoked a search for a broader new synthesis. In an early attempt at defining some basic questions operative in examining folk tales, Friedrich Ranke [ de ] in  characterised the folk legend as "a popular narrative with an objectively untrue imaginary content" a dismissive position that was subsequently largely abandoned.
Compared to the highly structured folktale, legend is comparatively amorphous, Helmut de Boor noted in In Einleitung in der Geschichtswissenschaft , Ernst Bernheim asserted that a legend is simply a longstanding rumour. In the narrow Christian sense, legenda "things to be read [on a certain day, in church]" were hagiographical accounts, often collected in a legendary. Because saints' lives are often included in many miracle stories, legend , in a wider sense, came to refer to any story that is set in a historical context but that contains supernatural , divine or fantastic elements.
Hippolyte Delehaye distinguished legend from myth : "The legend , on the other hand, has, of necessity, some historical or topographical connection. It refers imaginary events to some real personage, or it localizes romantic stories in some definite spot.
From the moment a legend is retold as fiction, its authentic legendary qualities begin to fade and recede: in The Legend of Sleepy Hollow , Washington Irving transformed a local Hudson River Valley legend into a literary anecdote with "Gothic" overtones , which actually tended to diminish its character as genuine legend.
Stories that exceed the boundaries of " realism " are called " fables ". For example, the talking animal formula of Aesop identifies his brief stories as fables, not legends. The parable of the Prodigal Son would be a legend if it were told as having actually happened to a specific son of a historical father.
If it included a donkey that gave sage advice to the Prodigal Son it would be a fable. Legend may be transmitted orally, passed on person-to-person, or, in the original sense, through written text. Jacob de Voragine 's Legenda Aurea or "The Golden Legend" comprises a series of vitae or instructive biographical narratives, tied to the liturgical calendar of the Roman Catholic Church.
They are presented as lives of the saints, but the profusion of miraculous happenings and above all their uncritical context are characteristics of hagiography.
The Legenda was intended to inspire extemporized homilies and sermons appropriate to the saint of the day. Urban legends are a modern genre of folklore that is rooted in local popular culture , usually comprising fictional stories that are often presented as true, with macabre or humorous elements.
These legends can be used for entertainment purposes, as well as semi-serious explanations for seemingly-mysterious events, such as disappearances and strange objects. The term "urban legend," as used by folklorists, has appeared in print since at least Teamfight more tactically with this quick intro to TFT positioning. Your guide to the champions, origins, and classes of Teamfight Tactics: Reckoning. Akali The Rogue Assassin.
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Dictionary Entries near legend leg-break leg bye leg drop legend legenda legendary legendist See More Nearby Entries. Phrases Related to legend a legend in one's own time living legend the stuff of legend. Style: MLA. English Language Learners Definition of legend. Kids Definition of legend. Comments on legend What made you want to look up legend?
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