Repository: The Getty Research Institute. Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record for this collection. Click here for the access policy. In , he was drafted into the German Wehrmacht and took part in infantry battles in the course of the Ardennes Offensive. In he worked as an art therapist in a home for developmentally impaired children run by the psychoanalyst Eva Rosenfeld, a pupil of Sigmund Freud.
A fourteen day arrest followed. The transgressive character of the material actions with their naked bodies, public urination and defecation, and killing of animals scandalized the Austrian public.
The actions became self-representation and therapy. In , the commune moved to Zurndorf in Burgenland and was named the Friedrichshof Commune. His ideas were inspired by Marxism and psychoanalysis, particularly the writings of the Austrian psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich. He was active as a painter in the Expressionist style and as a teacher within the community of Friedrichshof. He also directed several short movies. In , he married Claudia Weissensteiner.
The commune was economically successful. A rural property acquired in on the Spanish Canary Island La Gomera was intended to realize a southern paradise and served as a domicil for vacationing and retirement. While serving his sentence at the Stein detention center he produced a wealth of drawings and writings about art theory. Since his release in , he has lived in Southern Portugal. Ten publications, one auction catalog, and one sound recording are cataloged separately but form part of the archive.
Their individual records can be searched under the Accession no. Open for use by qualified researchers, except for unreformatted audiovisual material. Contact Library Reproductions and Permissions. The Harald Szeemann papers accn. There is a wealth of correspondence between various family members; hundreds of vintage photographs from the s, s, and the s in Nazi-occupied Austria; as well as original school records, ID cards, and other official documents.
The material presents a unique resource for the study of the changing social and political conditions in Austria, especially in the region of Burgenland, in the first half on the 20th century. Impressively extensive is the lifelong correspondence of mother and son. Diaries dating from to form part of Series V. Most documents are photocopies, but original documents are also present. Extensively documented are legal proceedings following the action Kunst und Revolution , performed in at the University of Vienna.
Series VII are sketchbooks produced between and About sketchbooks are present, including hardbound volumes dating from to , and circa fifty-five small unbound volumes and loose leaf drawings in wrappers, dating from to The sketchbooks also contain theoretical essays about the arts and the creative process, commentary and analysis of artwork by other artists, and personal and philosophical reflections on life.
Arranged in eight series: Series I. Family papers, bulk ; Series II. Early drawings and writings, circa , undated; Series III. Correspondence, , undated; Series IV. Court documents, , undated; Series V. Manuscripts, , undated; Series VI.
Photographs and negatives, , undated; Series VII. Family papers, bulk bulk Physical Description: 9. Arranged by type of material into three subseries: correspondence, photographs, and documents and records. Correspondence, , undated Physical Description: 5 Linear Feet 12 boxes. The family correspondence includes original letters as well as photocopies of most if not all of the original letters and postcards present in the archive.
Original letters and photocopies are filed separately and each group is arranged alphabetically by name of family member. The correspondence of each family member is divided into letters sent and letters received and each group is further subdivided chronologically with undated letters filed at the end. The correspondence with relatives and friends is divided into letters sent and postcards received, both groups are further arranged alphabetically by name.
Between and when Otto was drafted, his letters from the front are initially to both parents, and later separately to his father Otto and brother Edwin who were also drafted, and to his mother Wilma.
After the war almost all of his letters sent are to his mother, but a few are to friends mostly identified only by first name. Others, , undated Scope and Content Note There is an undated letter from circa to Friedensreich Hundertwasser. The early exchange of letters and postcards with her husband is in Hungarian, only occasionally in German.
After the war Wilma corresponds in German only. Her correspondence with her son is extensive and lasts until the early s. Letters, Color photographs. The early letters and postcards dating from the s are in Hungarian, the letters and postcards from the s and those sent from the front between and are in German. His letters received are personal letters from friends and relatives. A few business letters are also present.
Family, In Hungarian, In German, A significant portion of the photocopies was originally bound in three-ring binders, interspersed with photocopies of family photographs and various illustrated matter. They are filed as found in boxes 9 and Photographs, circa , undated Physical Description: 4. The loose photographs are not arranged in any particular order.
A few color photographs are present. The prewar photographs date from the early s, but most are from the s and s. Most of the prewar photographs are vintage prints, but some are later enlargements. Several photographs are of the interior furnishings at her house in Gols. Many of these photographs bear the stamp of Philippe Dutartre. A few are color portraits of Wilma. The collection is rehoused with labels from previous enclosures preserved.
Also present are several color photographs from the s of small children, a wedding picture dated 7. Regular size. Oversize Scope and Content Note Included are eight photographs, one sheet of handwritten musical notes found with the photographs, and the original portfolio. Documents and records, , undated Physical Description: 2.
A few items associated with other people are filed at the end of the first group. Also included is the floorplan of her house in Gols. Eva Huss, Hans Miksch, Early drawings and writings, circa , undated Physical Description: 1.
Arranged by type of material into three subseries: drawings, writings, and diaries. The writings are further subdivided into poetry, prose, theater plays, and notes. Original diaries and photocopies of transcripts are listed separately and in chronological order. Drawings, undated Physical Description: 6 folders. Loose drawings. Writings, circa , undated Physical Description: 0. The writings are drafts, typed as well as handwritten, of poems, prose, and theatre plays.
Present is a complete draft of the novel "Das Medusenantlitz. There is a high school notebook from the s and loose-leaf high school notes from and Poetry, undated.
Prose, undated. Plays, , undated. Notes, undated. Psychology, Diaries, , undated Physical Description: 0. Included are eleven original diaries, handwritten and bound, dating from to ; and a collection of bound photocopies of typed transcripts from various diaries, put together by the artist. Photocopies, undated. Correspondence, , undated Physical Description: 2. The first two subseries contain original letters, mostly typescripts, as well as photocopies; all of the letters from prison are photocopies.
Correspondence concerning conflicts with the law resulting from the controversial reception of Actionism is filed together with legal documents in Series IV. Court documents. The first and second subseries are arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent, beginning with letters sent to people identified by first name only. Correspondence with unidentified people is filed at the end.
The third subseries is arranged chronologically by year and month, with undated letters filed at the end. Actionism: letters sent, , undated Physical Description: 0.
Letters to Fritz [? Letters sent in are often on the letterhead of the Vienna Institute for Direct Art. His letters are predominantly carbon copies, but a few photocopies of handwritten letters are also present. This subseries was originally organized chronologically by year with letters to the same person frequently filed in various folders.
It was rearranged alphabetically by name of correspondent in order to keep letters to each person in one folder. A letter sent to an unidentified correspondent is filed at the end. Elke, Fritz, Henny, Jeannee, Solveigh, Ursula, Bertz, [? Brinkmann, Jan, Caux, [? Haage, [? Hansen, Al, Houwer, Robert, Laszlo, Carl, Lauhus, Haro, Micheli, Erika, Nibbe, Horst, Odermatt, B. Peisker, Horst, Prior, Walter, Schmidt, Uwe, Sodoma, Heinz, Seide, Adam, Zettl, Walter, Unidentified, Various correspondence, , undated Physical Description: 0.
The concept and goals of the Aktionsanalytische Organisation Actions Analytical Organisation or in short AAO, is also the topic of his exchange with the German sociologist, psychoanalyst, art historian and author Dieter Duhm. Of particular interest is an undated letter addresed to Doris Doris Berman?
Allman, K. Fogel, [? The exchange concerns the couple's personal relationship, separation, and divorce. Letters from prison, , undated Physical Description: 0. The letters present in the archive are dated between November and June , but the majority was written between January and January Only a few letters from to are present.
The letters are richly illustrated with drawings, some letters are cartoon-style drawings with text. All letters are photocopies. Correspondence in box 1, folders Arranged in chronological order by year and month. Undated letters are filed at the end.
November December January February March April May June July August September October Court documents, , undated Physical Description: 0. Most documents are photocopies, but original documents and manuscripts are also present. This file includes photocopies of circa flyers with a petition to the Austrian government in defense of Brus, with hundreds of signatures.
Also extensive are documents concerning the action O Tannenbaum performed on 16 December in Braunschweig, and the seizure of films produced by Karlheinz Hein's agency Progressive Art Production. A few documents unrelated to Actionism are filed at the end. Arranged chronologically by year, except for the last three folders which contain documents unrelated to Actionism.
Manuscripts, , undated Physical Description: 7. The most extensive portion comprise unpublished texts on Actionism and Action Analysis, most of which date from the s.
The manuscripts are grouped by type into three subseries and within each subseries are arranged chronologically by year, with the exception of a few writings on Actionism by others which are filed alphabetically. Undated material is filed at the end of each subseries. Scripts for material actions, , undated Physical Description: 0. Included are approximately thirty scripts for various actions, predominantly photocopies of typescripts, but a few original handwritten scripts and carbon copies of typescripts are also present.
Included are four bound volumes of photocopies of typed and handwritten scripts for actions performed between and , including the action Leda und der Schwan. Aktion blood cloud , Scope and Content Note Original typescript with drawings.
Concept for an action, Scope and Content Note Original manuscript. Scope and Content Note Carbon copy. Various writings, , undated Physical Description: 5. The writings are original typescripts, carbon copies, or are handwritten. A few writings are descriptions of dreams.
Several writings from the late s reflect retrospectively on s Actionism. Occasionally, the letters are addressed to a reciepient identified only by the first name or to a group of people addressed as Filmemacherfreude fellow moviemakers. The letters are original typescripts or carbon copies. Present are thirteen undated drafts for a book project "Die wilden 60er", mostly revised typescripts and photocopies of typescripts, but also a bound manuscript illustrated with drawings.
Arranged chronologically by year. The original filing order of writings from , , and by year and month is preserved. Undated writings and undated notes are filed at the end.
Writings by others are arranged alphabetically by author's name. Letter from prison. Notebook "68 XV". Notebook "Aktion bis ". William Burroughs , Brion Gysin. Veronika Spierenburg. Graham Lambkin. Blue Gene Tyranny. Ryoji Ikeda. Fabrizio Cassano. Shelley Hirsch. Conrad Schnitzler , Wolfgang Seidel.
Kristin Oppenheim. Gaute Granli. More from Private Maurizio Bianchi. Alvin Curran. Piry Reis. Mai Mai Mai. Martin Erik Andersen. Erik Kessels. Erik Kessels , Thomas Mailaender. There he registered for officer training. He was promoted to lieutenant, and in he took part on infantry battles in the course of the Ardennes Offensive.
In he founded the Friedrichshof Commune , which has been viewed by some as an authoritarian sect,  and that existed for several years before falling apart in the s.
In , Muehl was convicted of sexual offences with minors and drugs offences and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment. He was released in , after serving six and a half years,  and set up a smaller commune in Portugal. In the s, Muehl's aim was 'to overcome easel painting by representing its destruction process'. The " Fest des psycho-physischen Naturalismus " and " Versumpfung einer Venus " followed in From to , many " Malaktionen " were filmed by Kurt Kren and photographed by Ludwig Hoffenreich.
In , Muehl, Brus, and Oswald Wiener organized an Aktionsveranstaltung titled Kunst und Revolution in the University of Vienna, which caused a scandal in the press; they were arrested and Brus emigrated to Berlin.
Gradually, Muehl began to distance himself from " Aktion ". He regarded the "happening as a bourgeois art form, mere art". The "transition from art to life" resulted in the founding of the Friedrichshof commune as a kind of anti-society. The declared aim was the destruction of bourgeois marriage and private property, free love , and collective education of the children.
In the eighties, tensions within the commune increased until they culminated in a revolt.