Each section was recorded as a long loop to enable the creation of compositions through the positioning or merging of loops in different ways. After a few sessions in the Bahamas, engineer Rhett Davies left following an argument with the producer over the fast speed of recording. Steven Stanley , who since the age of 17 had engineered for musicians such as Bob Marley , stepped in to cover the workload.
The tracks made Byrne rethink his vocal style and he tried singing to the instrumental songs, but sounded "stilted". Few vocal sections were recorded in the Bahamas. In New York City, Byrne struggled with writer's block. Doubts began to surface about whether the album would be completed. The recording sessions only built up pace after the recruitment of guitarist Adrian Belew at the request of Byrne, Harrison and Eno. He was advised to add guitar solos to the Compass Point tracks, making use of a Roland guitar synthesiser.
Byrne recorded all the tracks, as they were after Belew had performed on them, to a cassette and looked to Africa to break his writer's block. He realised that, when African musicians forget words, they often improvise and make new ones up.
He used a portable tape recorder and tried to create onomatopoeic rhymes in the style of Eno, who believed that lyrics were never the center of a song's meaning. Byrne continuously listened to his recorded scatting until convinced that he was no longer "hearing nonsense".
She was advised extensively on her vocal delivery by Byrne, Frantz, and Weymouth, and often sang in a trio with Byrne and Eno. Brass player Jon Hassell , who had been working on parts of My Life in the Bush of Ghosts , was hired to perform trumpet and horn sections.
Remain in Light features new wave ,    post-punk ,    worldbeat ,  dance-rock ,   art pop ,   art rock ,  avant-pop ,  and different types of funk , specifically afrofunk   and psychedelic funk. Brog, in that there is no long-lasting coherent thought process that can be followed in the stream-of-consciousness lyrics. David Gans instructed Byrne to be freer with his lyrical content by advising him that "rational thinking has its limits".
The release stressed that the major inspiration to the lyrics was Professor John Miller Chernoff's African Rhythm and African Sensibility ,  which examined the musical enhancement of life in the continent's rural communities. Facts are lazy and facts are late. Byrne disagreed with the categorisation and commented that its lyrics are meant to be taken literally; he stated, "We're largely unconscious.
You know, we operate half awake or on autopilot and end up, whatever, with a house and family and job and everything else, and we haven't really stopped to ask ourselves, 'How did I get here? Byrne has described the album's final mix as a "spiritual" piece of work, "joyous and ecstatic and yet it's serious"; he has pointed out that, in the end, there was "less Africanism in Remain in Light than we implied The second side features more introspective songs. Eno alternated eight bars of each riff with corresponding bars of its counterpart.
Some have taken the final track on the album, "The Overload," to be Talking Heads' attempt to emulate the sound of British post-punk band Joy Division. It has been widely speculated - but never confirmed - that the song was made despite no band member having heard the music of Joy Division; rather, it may have been based on an idea of what the British quartet might sound like based on descriptions in the music press. The track features "tribal-cum- industrial " beats created primarily by Harrison and Byrne.
Weymouth attended MIT regularly during the summer of and worked with Bender's colleague, Scott Fisher , on the computer renditions of the ideas. The process was tortuous because computer power was limited in the early s and the mainframe alone took up several rooms.
The faces except for eyes, noses and mouths were blotted out with blocks of red colour. Weymouth considered superimposing Eno's face on top of all four portraits to insinuate his egotism—the producer wanted to be on the cover art together with Talking Heads—but decided against it in the end.
Weymouth, who was skeptical of hiring a designing firm, vetoed Kalman's ideas and held firm on the MIT computerised images. The designing process made the band members realise that the title Melody Attack was "too flippant" for the music recorded, and they adopted Remain in Light instead.
Kalman later suggested that the planes were not removed altogether because they seemed appropriate during the Iranian hostage crisis of — Weymouth advised Kalman that she wanted simple typography in a bold sans serif font. Brog has called its front cover a "disarming image, which suggests both splitting and obliteration of identity" and which introduces the listener to the album's recurring theme of "identity disturbance"; he states, "The image is in bleak contrast to the title with the obscured images of the band members unable to 'remain in light'.
Brian Eno advised Talking Heads that the music on Remain in Light was too dense for a quartet to perform. The expanded band's first appearance was on August 23, at the Heatwave festival in Canada in front of 70, people; Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times called the band's new music a "rock-funk sound with dramatic, near show-stopping force".
Remain in Light was released worldwide on October 8, The album attained widespread acclaim from media outlets. Ken Tucker of Rolling Stone felt it was a brave and absorbing attempt to locate a common ground in the early s divergent and often hostile musical genres; he concluded, " Remain in Light yields scary, funny music to which you can dance and think, think and dance, dance and think, ad infinitum.
Remain in Light should be no exception. AllMusic 's William Ruhlmann wrote that Talking Heads' musical transition, first witnessed in Fear of Music , came to full fruition in Remain in Light ; he stated, "Talking Heads were connecting with an audience ready to follow their musical evolution, and the album was so inventive and influential.
Remain in Light was named the best album of by Sounds , ahead of The Skids ' The Absolute Game , and by Melody Maker ,   while The New York Times included it in its unnumbered shortlist of the 10 best records issued that year. In , Rolling Stone named Remain in Light as the fourth best album of the decade. In , Beninese singer Angelique Kidjo released a song-for-song cover of Remain in Light produced by Jeff Bhasker and released on his Kravenworks label , describing herself as a longtime fan of the song "Once in a Lifetime" and wanting to pay tribute to the album by emphasizing its inspiration from African music.
Those involved in the making of Remain in Light were:   . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Talking Heads. New wave post-punk worldbeat funk dance-rock art pop. Both daringly experimental and pop-accessible, Remain in Light may be the Talking Heads' defining moment. Library of Congress. March 29, Retrieved March 29, Billboard Books. ISBN The Guardian. Retrieved August 25, Many effective antiemetics drugs that alleviate nausea can relieve this symptom if it should occur.
Chemotherapy will cause its own side effects which will be discussed with the medical oncologist. Generally, the side effects of radiation therapy become apparent about two weeks into the treatment course, when a sore throat, loss of taste sensation, dryness of the mouth and dry skin reactions may occur. Sore throat is the main side effect that makes the course of radiation therapy difficult. If your sore throat is severe, you may be unable to take in enough food and liquids by mouth to maintain your weight or avoid dehydration.
Your doctors will then insert a feeding tube temporarily into your stomach a gastrostomy tube , which will allow you to maintain adequate nutrition without having to swallow all of the food that you need. Gastrostomy placement is usually an outpatient procedure. It is important, though, to continue swallowing even with a gastrostomy tube in place. Otherwise, your swallowing muscles may weaken; this would cause permanent swallowing problems and make it difficult to stop using the gastrostomy tube even after the radiation treatment course is completed.
A dietitian should be involved in your care during the course of radiation treatments to help you maintain adequate caloric intake and hydration. When side effects occur, it may be tempting to take a break from treatments. This is not a good idea.
The "acutely responding" normal tissues—such as the skin and the lining of the throat—that are responsible for the side effects during radiation therapy tend to respond to radiation as do cancer cells.
If the treatment produces few acute side effects, it is also not likely to be very effective against the cancer. Therefore, the treatment of most head and neck cancers represents a classic "no pain, no gain" situation.
Breaks in the treatment course to lessen the side effects give the cancer a chance to regrow and will significantly reduce the likelihood of cure. Medications that are almost always needed during a course of radiation therapy include pain medicines, analgesic "magic mouthwash" for the sore throat to help swallowing, possibly antiemetics if nausea is a problem and possibly stool softeners to counteract some pain medication effects.
A clear goal of treatment must be determined for each patient before therapy starts. The first question is often whether the goal of treatment is cure or, instead, the lessening palliation of symptoms associated with an incurable cancer. If cure is unlikely, then potential risks associated with treatment may be less than those associated with a potentially curative course of radiation therapy.
However in head and neck cancer the planned radiation to achieve long term palliation may be the same as the curative course. Palliative courses of treatment generally entail giving a moderate dose of radiation over a short time. This provides a relatively high chance of shrinking the tumor and lessening symptoms while exposing the patient to less risk of side effects and complications, and requiring a relatively brief time to complete the therapy.
A typical course of palliative radiation treatments would be divided into 10 treatments given over two weeks. On the other hand, if there is a reasonable chance of cure the definition of reasonable can vary, depending on the situation, but generally at least 5 percent to 10 percent , then a longer and more arduous course of treatment is generally planned.
The risks associated with treatment depend on the location and extent of the tumor and the normal structures that are nearby. In general, for any type of treatment, the treating physician tries to estimate the potential risk of a major complication; if this risk is similar to or exceeds the anticipated likelihood of cure, then the treatment plan is modified.
However, if the likelihood of cure is significantly greater than the risk of a major complication, then treatment is initiated. If the initial treatment for the cancer is successful and you are cured, there is still a relatively low risk 2 percent to 3 percent per year of developing a new, completely unrelated head and neck cancer. Per the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, follow-up examinations usually take place:. Thyroid functions are often checked annually to detect any occurrence of hypothyroidism decreased thyroid function , which is easily treatable.
Continued imaging follow-up is typically performed both to assess the response to treatment and to monitor for disease recurrence. Some new treatments are available, as are new ways of combining old treatments.
A good example of the latter is the use in recent years of a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy or immunotherapy for advanced head and neck cancer. For updated information on new cancer treatments that are available, you should discuss these issues with your doctor and consider obtaining a second opinion before beginning treatment. For information and resources about clinical trials and to learn about current clinical trials being conducted, see:.
Please type your comment or suggestion into the text box below. Note: we are unable to answer specific questions or offer individual medical advice or opinions. Please contact your physician with specific medical questions or for a referral to a radiologist or other physician. To locate a medical imaging or radiation oncology provider in your community, you can search the ACR-accredited facilities database.
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