He continued to learn from the musicians in Shreve- Prison songs were used to accompany work by the in- port until an illness forced him to retreat back to the farm. They were very improvisational; individual singers Around , a now-married Huddie moved to Dallas, would modify a basic song to express what was on their Texas, where he and his bride worked as cotton pickers.
The prisoners would work all day in the heat, and Much like Fannin Street in Shreveport, Dallas had Elm singing would pass the time. These work songs have always Street or Deep Elum. Around this time, Lead Belly en- been participatory, and some were used like sea chanteys countered his first string guitar.
In the s, string Stellas sitting in the window of a Dallas store. Lead Belly would be identi- In the s, when Jackson collected songs at Texas fied with a string Stella guitar from that point onward. The string still part of daily prison life. He began to be referred to as Lead Belly Acting as his eyes, Huddie helped Lemon get around, and around the time he was at Sugarland and given the fact that each undoubtedly learned from the other.
The duo was able many of his fellow inmates had prison nicknames, it would to make some money around the Texas area. His fam- posed in tribute to his former musical partner. It was his first experience with prison life.
Shortly into his time, Huddie escaped and fled to New Orleans, and then back to Mooringsport. He could not stay there, and so, traveling with his wife, he began going by the name Walter Boyd and went to live with relatives in DeKalb, Texas. Lead Belly was a waiter, he was at camp F.
As the story went, the gov- ability to work. He could really out-run, outwork, outpick anyone ernor was so impressed that he let Lead Belly go free. In January , Neff signed a pardon. In actual- Lomax pointed out cutting the capers for the guards all night long. Lead Belly had previously written asking for a pardon as going home from work and some men came up to well.
It is not known whether Allen listened to the song, but Lead Belly was him and said that they wanted the whiskey that he officially granted a pardon on July 25, In the fall, somebody was hurt, I think somebody was killed. He Anyway, so there he was, and that was a second would sometimes warm up the prisoners by singing his songs and showing conviction on a murder charge so by all rights he them the kinds of things Lomax wanted.
They traveled to Shreveport, then Alabama. After a radio show [undated], Ramsey Collection, RR John Lomax was anxious to present his new probably as close to slavery as any person could come in discovery to a meeting of the Modern Language Association in Philadelphia, Wolfe and Lornell , Jones about visiting on behalf of the Library of to Freedom. Finally it was the big move to New York. In January, he appeared on a blues and jazz of the present day, and they felt long-term nationwide March of Time radio show playing up his prison background.
A prisoners who had been isolated from society might just newsreel film was also made of John Lomax and Lead Belly re-enacting the be the answer. One person fellow prisoners at Sugarland on July 5, , they arrived who witnessed the March 13, , concert at Harvard University, Conrad at Angola on July Belly and Martha returned to Shreveport, and eventually moved to Dallas. John Lomax had moved him to a house in Wilton, Con- After living in Dallas, Lead Belly obtained another manager, a white man necticut, owned by Mary Elizabeth Barnicle, another folk who owned the service station where Huddie worked, and he returned to music scholar who was extremely supportive of Lead Belly.
New York for another try. Real- known since she was just a child. Although the elder Lomax was for her to come to New York. It was an early supporter of the Civil Rights Movement ibid. They were married in Connecticut.
During the same time Tex Ritter also lobbied on his behalf. The producer was period, Lead Belly was being introduced to singers in New York who came a British gent named Art Satherley he later signed Hank from a strong protest song background.
But Fred encouragement. Of the 43 songs Lead Belly to sing for a radical who had been thrown in jail, to raise money. Lead Belly recorded for ARC, only six saw the light of day. Columbia finally released some of them in Starting with those in Angola, he then Lead Belly was introduced to us many years ago, but in the worst recorded many at the house in Wilton, Connecticut, away way.
I did not approve of it neither did Lead Belly, Martha, or from the distractions of the city. In August , Alan Lo- anybody else. I feel it my duty … to enlighten on the circumstances max invited Lead Belly to visit Washington for a marathon now existing.
Lead Belly really passed away before any corrections recording session 55 tracks. These sessions would remain were seen. Such as, if he had a concert and played, the next day you some of them were released commercially.
The two Lomaxes were acting as at so and so a place. At the time he was in no money Lead Belly made passing the hat at shows.
While position to do anything about it. I recognize the facts still exist. Lomax which is so wrong. He had as many white friends as well as Negro friends. Lead Belly lived a bad, good, hard, and easy life. I say that because He also bristled at being dressed up in prison clothes and he told me there were some days he wished he could live over again generally playing up his prison history. I have heard him talk about his life over and over and over.
It was —86 was the son of the prominent novelist, Sholem long days of work with no income, not one, not two Asch. He was born in Poland but in the s was living in days, but years.
Asch ran a shop called Radio Laboratories, which worked on electronics and installed public address Lomax now owned a good deal of the music publishing systems around the city. He also did work for WEVD radio.
Ethnomusicologist George He started putting out Jewish records on his Asch label in Herzog, who transcribed the songs, pointed out that many to serve a local need. In , a lucky break brought of the songs had been printed before; others were of white him into the folk music field: a theater producer friend intro- parentage. Some songs were already copyrighted by oth- duced him to an amazing musician. Primarily a collection of label called Asch Label, was very interesting.
But prison, work, and country dance tunes, the recording was they needed it because they had calls. So I had called Negro Sinful Songs—but there was not a lot of sin immediately an entrance into stores with records. And the man that for the Library of Congress, resulting in a prolific controlled it was Si Rady. Lead Belly, under John recording session with Alan Lomax. There he was, made a name, visit to the Library. And … immediately, we understood his music. We were friends.
And I recorded Lead Belly. I anthropologist Henrietta Yurchenco. Alan Lomax at games from his youth. He released records no one the Oleander Quartet a year later on the radio. The material else would because he believed in the value of their music. He liked dropped him and Lead Belly found himself in a position of, well, to let the singers play what they wanted and did not often he adopted these attitudes of always thinking and hoping that he try to guide the sessions.
Lee Hays, who was later a member would make something really big. After all, he was a man. His niece Tiny Robinson remembers microphone down on the table in the middle of them. All you did with them was, you said it beforehand, … what do you want to say, what I would say the people that he felt closest to were people like kind of things are we going to work on?
I mean, his whole life was music. The rest, there were wanted to record for anyone else, Lead Belly recorded two kinds of people; there were the people who listened and the mainly for Asch for the rest of his life. Asch respected Lead people who made it, and that was it. And I think he felt closest to Belly for who he was. Despite how he had been presented them.
His apartment was a wonderful place because it had people when he first got to the city, Lead Belly was a proud man; coming in from the South all the time, relatives and Martha, two he dressed to the nines with perfectly polished shoes. When of her nieces stayed there. For instance I was there. All the people who subsequently acquired halos and legends recently interviewed by the man that is going to do, and names and even made a little money were there, and they were may do the script on Lead Belly.
And when he spoke playing, and there was no playing for anything but a few beers. The to many people about Lead Belly …, they spoke audience was allowed to contribute the beer, but it was a very select of Lead Belly more or less as a clown, … as a sub- audience, I would say. Ramsey, n. At his first two being that ever existed. His shoes were 60 dollar party songs.
He had to have Well, Walter Winchell, everybody else, gave me full publicity on this a cane, … he treated himself as a noble person, and thing. And so Lead Belly became established as an Asch who understand what he stood for, he recorded recording artist, and we had a life together for about 20 years in exactly that same way.
What motivates him, session called Work Songs of the U. With Asch, royalties were always what his own personal feelings may be. They were an interesting thing. When accounting was due, it turned out the artist still owed on the advances. It also was being used heavily in the war effort, and old 78s were be- minutes of sound per side. Any longer piece had to be ing rounded up and recycled for shellac. The started in , so his allotment was small.
He had his own would become important to his final years of life, Frederic Stinson label and shellac; Asch had the studio and artists. If not for the role Ramsey Jr. Both men were record collectors and jazz scholars and and They war ended, the two partners separated. Lead Belly had always hoped for a career in film, but that ambition was never fulfilled. Thinking he had an offer to play a role in a stage produc- The earlier Library of Congress recordings, by far tion, he left for Hollywood in May ; Mary Elizabeth Barnicle hosted a the most complete collection of his songs, had been send-off party.
When he got there, he discovered they had hired a younger taken for the most part on a portable machine, and man for the part. He had always been a fan of cowboy films, especially Gene the best that could be said of them is that they were Autry—he had even met Autry once—and wanted to become a singing cow- highly unfaithful to the original.
The commercial boy star. San Francisco, stopping to record a radio show for children and also making The idea of recording Lead Belly away from a a stop in Salt Lake City. Lead Belly continued to in performance, there was this wonderful quality record for Disc, and his sessions recorded for the Asch label were then which everyone who knew him always refers to.
The second included is. During the s, most of his income another. It is that way for some people anyway. Well, came from live performance. Well, he had all kinds of wonderful songs that happened to be just about all there was about American folk song rambling around in his head, and they would come to him in different ways. I just felt that something should be In the late s, Lead Belly began to feel something was done about it and I had been waiting and waiting physically wrong.
In , at a show in Paris during his trip for someone to do it, and I finally purchased a tape to Europe, he found he could not continue playing his gui- machine myself, and got what was then as good tar. ALS is a progressive neurodegen- and try out this idea that I had of recording him erative disease that affects the brain and spine.
There is no without any breaks or anything, and letting him go cure. He died in New York at Bellevue Hospital a little over from one thing into the next. Over the next few years, a series of memorial LPs honor- Lead Belly was aging, and it was time to act. A large memo- and with friends around.
A group Ramsey Pete Seeger and Lee Hays. The Weavers cel- Ramsey showed Lead Belly the new machine. Ramsey had only a cheap had eluded him during his life, came true within a year microphone. Newspapers wrote articles about the man 34 songs that night. Better yet, the tape deck allowed the who wrote the song everybody was talking about. Had he recording of the introductions and the stories behind the lived to take advantage of it, he would have had offers from songs.
He was grey-haired, not tall—perhaps five foot ten—but July-August Fortunately, someone recorded the show compactly built, and he moved with the soft grace of an on a magnetic wire recording. This recording technology athlete. He had a powerful ringing voice, and his muscular consisted of a spool of wire with magnetic audio. Belly in the s. Since some of his recordings of Lead A new innovation in the music business also made it Belly had gone to Stinson in the breakup of their partner- possible to release the Last Session recordings.
This technology was from the some of the WNYC acetate discs in his collection. He shopped them commercially; the rest languished in the vaults. Fred around to major record companies, but no one wanted to Ramsey acquired copies of those sessions from an unnamed release the whole thing with dialog.
Ramsey felt it impera- collector and put together a bootleg set. Asch had felt that tive that it be done that way. Columbia the later owner of ARC finally interest among all the companies who had neglected issued some of the sessions on LP in In , Easy Lead Belly. Stinson Records continued to be tape, but none of the companies wanted to preserve active in the folk field, and they issued the other key Lead the sequence which was so vital a part of the feeling Belly recordings drawn from the s series in the multi- of these recordings.
Moe Asch of Folkways the Folkways series. Those recordings found their way into Records Ramsey In order to release the entire sessions some of the con- Much has been written about the Stinson Records that versation and a few songs were cut , Asch issued two 2-LP is incorrect. In the s, Stinson had moved from its sets Folkways and in He did not put track storefront offices at Union Square in New York to Southern breaks between the songs, which allowed him to fit more California.
Herbert Harris and his family had opened a sec- music on a side. In the coming years of the folk song revival ond retail business with a store and distributorship on Pico these LPs would stand out as iconic records.
At the begin- Boulevard in downtown Los Angeles. Stinson founded in , above the store. After establishing the Los Angeles location Folkways and Elektra , Riverside , and living there for a couple of years, the Kalls moved the Vanguard and Prestige mainly released label operation to the San Fernando Valley town of Granada other types of music but got into the folk market later in Hills.
The address that would grace all Stinson LPs from the s. Other than the few titles recorded for Musicraft, then on was P. Box , Granada Hills, CA. Because of He moved to San Francisco and later passed away. As time progressed, he became the During the years of her ownership the label continued to acknowledged head of the label, but until her death in be run by Jack and Trudy Kall.
The Kalls were in charge Distler was a major partner in running Folkways. These sounds pressed on vibrant red vinyl. Some of the Stinson LPs were reissued word. Of the musicians he recorded on his earlier labels in the late s on compact disc and the full catalog was in the s, three iconic folk singers—Lead Belly, Woody available on cassette tapes. In now the sole owner. Records that had not done well for them when first released were now thought worthy. Oddly, Columbia waited until , after the revival was over, to issue their material on LP.
Another phenomenon was also taking place musically. Popular singers such as music discovered jug band music. Small groups included Burl Ives, Carl Sandburg, Andrew Summers, and groups like the South Afri- guitars, jugs, washboard, and washtub bass, and there was cans Marais and Miranda released a few records of folk material.
Some of these musicians Asch, Keynote, or Musicraft released other records, but they sold in small went on to become stars in the folk music scene. Simulta- numbers.
The success of the Weavers and their early hits started changing neously, in the U. One great that. At the same time the increasingly active American right and the House source of songs for these groups was Lead Belly. Many of the kids who went to the stars in the s British music scene were in skiffle groups kinds of progressive schools or camps that used these books became the in their early years, cutting their musical teeth on the music banjo- and guitar-slinging college singing groups that would emerge in the of Lead Belly.
Van Morrison released to cater to the demand of the folk fans. Sing Out! Players like Bob Gibson, Mark Spoelstra, blending in and understanding … on the part of and Fred Gerlach and of course Pete Seeger included Lead Belly songs those people … who liked jazz. Of the folk music, on their albums. He and Glover always included Lead Belly songs on their albums. Other projects followed. In , sored by Standard Oil. Lead Belly went through his rep- sue of the Last Sessions. For his Lead Belly biography and ertoire that appealed to the children, and the program captured the delight discography, Kip Lornell had been doing extensive research he shared singing for them.
Lor- his catalog. His them were in very bad shape. The 4-CD set was assembled songs made their way into the rock world. Folkways collection were copied to digital tape.
In the spirit of Moses Asch, on glass, acetate on metal, or shellac, and were very fragile. No commercial entity was interested in doing that. Columbia, manager, and folk festival director. Between label and collection of folk music.
Rinzler eventually raised the funds needed and , Rounder Records undertook the ambitious to acquire the collection. For that, he had a lot of help. Rinzler had known project of the restoration of the Library of Congress re- Bob Dylan in Greenwich Village when Dylan came to town in Dylan agreed Belly Columbia music been available to the public. Filmmaker hundreds of years from now. If the proceeds. Robbie Robertson of The Band narrated the film.
The associ- you like what you hear on this anthology, investigate more ated soundtrack LP on Columbia Records won a Grammy Award. He is always full of surprises. In the summer of , the Smithsonian Folkways label was launched to reissue older titles and create new ones in the spirit of the earlier label. These introductions May were recorded along with his performances of the songs. Lead Belly loved the word and crafted the song based on this experience. The original recording is now part of the Lead Belly, vocal and guitar; Sonny Terry, harmonica Library of Congress collection.
So I same ibid. So I learned how to play ginning and end of many of his radio programs. He died a a guitar by a piano. As a youth, Huddie traveled into Shreveport with his father, and he always felt that when he was older he wanted to come back to Fannin Street. It certainly was forbidden fruit, a long street with bordellos and free-flowing alcohol. More importantly, some of the best musicians in the area—guitar players and barrelhouse piano players—gravitated there. Eventually, Huddie went to live in Shreveport, honing his musical skills.
In an historical footnote, Tom Hughes was the sheriff of Caddo Parish, elected in and still in office in the s when bootleg liquor and gangsters were at their height in Shreveport. He was the man who set up and organized the ambush that killed the notorious outlaws Bonnie and Clyde. Over time the verses about the train date unknown and a decapitation were added, making it a railroad song. It was considered a with Dock Walsh in for Columbia. Folk song scholar Howard Odum first printed recording made it a staple in bluegrass music.
Dozens of some of the lyrics in an article in the Journal of American recorded versions include one by the Seattle rock group Folklore in If the lights of the midnight train were to shine through the bars, the inmates felt, the warden would set you free.
Lomax and myself we drove all around Sugarland and Huntsville, Texas. Two of the other convicts the spot John Henry was born at. John corded for the Lomaxes.
This is the way the hammers performed for and recorded by the Library of Congress with fall when they sing. The exclamation after each line of the song is timed to help coordinate the work.
A logging song, it is found all over the South. The other man cut left-handed. That man blows me about how she used to take me to the field and his whistle down there different than people blow rock me in the cradle.
During a trip to revival of the s and was standard fare at sing-alongs. The Beach Boys recorded it six closely associated with him. Kelly Pace and a group of years later and Creedence Clearwater Revival the year after. It became a hit in for British musician Lonnie Donegan, kicking off the skiffle craze. Donegan had record- ed it with the Chris Barber Band in after hearing the Library of Congress recording borrowed from the American Embassy in London.
Comedian Stan Freberg also recorded a takeoff on the song in an effort to make fun of the whole folk singing phenomenon. I used It took a particular liking to the cotton crop and did devas- his version as a basis and completely changed the arrange- tating damage. Now the children Many songs have been written about the weevil, but over when they play back in my home, they put one the years a standard version has emerged where there is a in the ring and they all go round the ring and dialog between the farmer and the weevil.
It is now consid- they sing. Lead Belly performs a version similar to jump That a Way. And the others verses. It was recorded many times during the folk song going round the ring they gonna sing. During recess time in school the children did ring games and play parties. Lead Belly learned the song as a child in Louisiana, and it is one of his favorites from the time Wolfe and Lornell , In , nine black youths were arrested the governor of Texas from through As a self- for allegedly raping two young white women while all of described reformer, Neff sometimes visited the notorious them were hoboing on a train in Alabama.
The news story Texas prisons and encountered Huddie Ledbetter, who went national, with various organizations raising funds was incarcerated in Sugarland near Houston. Lead Belly and rallying people to the defense of the boys. They were was chosen by the warden to perform for Gov. Huddie sang with great rose, and a subsequent trial saw four of them freed but fervor. On a subsequent visit, Neff asked for Lead Belly. It the others sentenced to prison. Others around Lead Belly was during this second visit that Neff told Huddie he would were impressed with the song.
In August , Lead Belly grant him a pardon. Before the people to it. Broonzy would later change Yow. This is apparently a prison song from the South. Lawrence Gellert recorded convicts singing it in the Southeast in the s. Woody Guthrie was a huge fan of talking blues, going places. Later, others would follow Guthrie in using they sing. It Free No. October The Lomaxes refer to this song as a traditional levee-camp song Lomax It was found all over the South.
One well-known recording was by New Orleans pianist Jelly Roll Morton — , but the song is far older. Smithsonian acetate ; matrix D; recorded ca. October This is an old fiddle and dance tune whose title refers to giving the fiddler a dram glass of whiskey. Waiting for the Santa Claus to come. And this one in the ring is ; matrix SC; recorded October sitting down in a chair. They gonna give this one in the chair a hankie. Her closing shouted comment in the break was surely echoed by a great majority of African Americans in , when she recorded Gut Struggle.
Spoken: Oh! Play it, boys. Mess around with it , papa. I feel so unnecessary! While Gene Campbell, from Texas, unusually aware for that time at the debilitating repetitive drudgery endured by black female domestic servants, offers his wife another alternative. One to be taken only as a desperate last chance for survival. I want to tell all you women, I want you-all to know. This may have been because most female blues singers did not hire themselves out for domestic service.
Or a singer like Clara Smith would last for only a very short period doing such work, to suit her own requirements. As with Ms. Smith, leaving at the first opportunity when the first traveling show eased into town. Of course she was fortunate in being blessed with a powerful singing voice which soon brought her national success.
The great Lucille Bogan, reported to have been a sometime prostitute herself, as well as a bootlegger and a gangster, describes in a classic song how even here, income could dry up in the Great Depression. I need shoes on my feet, clothes on my back. Louis, Missouri, sang about the same problems as the Depression ground on inexorably. A hard-hitting singer who is accompanied here by fellow St.
I used to stand on the corner, call every daddy that came along. As well as protesting about wrongful arrest, the convict lease system, etc. Even though the blues artist may not have experienced serious incarceration-as opposed to overnight stays after a drunken spree-they were fully aware that many of their original working class black audience did and still do, in JSP D An unshakeable solidarity existed between the blues singer and blues listener, and this goes back way into slavery days.
What a feeling. Just a mean old low-down jail; Separating me from everything but that evening mail. But irony and an unbeatable sense of humour also feature in the Blues.
Harking back to slavery times when the white boss insisted on the slaves not to use a slow rhythm when picking cotton, as he realized the speed of the song reflected the pace of their enforced work. Another classic side on this theme is the sarcastic On Our Turpentine Farm [Columbia D] with deadly conditions in sub-tropical temperatures as the black workers were often waist-deep in malaria-infested swamp waters down in Georgia and North Carolina, as well as other states, to collect the tar and turpentine from the trunks of the longleaf pine, so essential to supplying naval stores in the South.
On our turpentine farm mm-mm On our turpentine farm. The early blues singers moaned and directed their anger and frustration at the whole unjust, moronic, and sometime downright inhumane and insane Jim Crow system that prevailed throughout their lives.
As George Carter in his haunting Rising River Blues  states when addressing the municipal authorities of the town he was in:. I got to move in the alley. These singers employing symbolism, irony, and anti-establishment lyrics which were often couched in an awful beauty of obvious feeling-and yes, often with a black humour no pun intended. In a different setting but almost on a par with the Charles Tyus song, is the totally anti-establishment offering by Charley Campbell, who like Leadbelly also recorded for the L.
It is still not entirely clear whether this is the same man who recorded a couple of commercial sides for the Bluebird label in the same year, of Some 18 months later, pianist Cow Cow Davenport was quite likely to have been inspired to cut his boldly-titled Jim Crow Blues [Paramount ].
This in turn might be a precursor of the L. The latter being adapted by the earlier folk circle in New York City and the Civil Rights movement like, in the s and 60s. Nor did the Blues have it all its own way. Parody of gospel songs thinly veiled social protest as in G.
Edward Clayborn in Also recorded by other singers including Charley Patton. Preachers themselves were often a hotbed of protest on behalf of the black community, but very few appeared on disc.
M Gates is exceptional. Protest not often very readily apparent but protest just the same! As will be seen when trawling through the remainder of this JSP set of essential blues and gospel recordings. They had the blues but they sure were too damn mean to cry! Lonnie Chatman vln. Thursday, 12th.
June San Antonio, Texas. Ozie McPherson vo. Coleman Hawkins bsx; Fletcher Henderson pno. February Chicago, Illinois. Roosevelt Sykes vo. Thursday, 21st. April New York City. New York. Thursday ,6th. October New York City, New York. Madlyn Davis vo. Cassino Simpson pno. September Clara Smith vo.
Tuesday, 23rd November May Ernest Williams vo. December Sara Martin vo. Clarence Williams Blue Five: Unk. Otto Harwick or Don Redman alt. Cyrus St. Clair bbs. Thursday, 25th. March Rosa Henderson vo. Jake Frazier tbn. Thursday, 19th. Dorothy Dodd vo. Rex Stewart or Bobby Stark tpt. Porter Grainger pno. Del Thomas bbs. Darrington State Farm. Sandy Point, Texas. Alice Moore Little Alice from St. Louis vo. Saturday 18th. August Bessie Tucker vo. Johnson pno.
Wednesday 29th. Memphis, Tennessee. Sylvester Weaver vo. Sunday, 27th. November Curtis Jones vo. January Friday, 14th. Richmond, Indiana. Friday, 10th. Camden, New Jersey. Monday, 29th. July Charles Tyus chanting, vo. Monday, 7 October Walter Vinson gtr.
November New Orleans, Louisiana. Kelly Pace vo. Camp No. Cumins State Farm. Gould, Arkansas. Monday, 1st. Edward Clayborn vo,gtr. Saturday, 21st. Ma Rainey vo. New York City, New York Too Tight Henry vo. Jed Davenport hca. Heavenly Gospel Singers: Roosevelt Fenoy lead vo. Wednesday, 7th.
Retrieved 4 October The recording is not currently available. Retrieved 18 September Retrieved 15 October Archived in the Vanderbilt University Library.
Kaybee , ? Archived in the Stanford University Library. The web page includes the song lyrics, and audio of the entire minute program. Retrieved 16 October To hear just the song and John Darnielle's explanation of it, click on this link. Retrieved 10 May A recording of Woody Guthrie singing the song can be heard on YouTube. Accessed 15 July Writing credit at Allmusic.
Writing credit documented by repertoire. Retrieved 7 January Retrieved 18 October The recording can be heard by clicking this link and also on YouTube. F4, Feature Films Home Page. Retrieved 19 October Catalogued by WorldCat.
On YouTube can be seen a video of composer Greg Jacobs performing his song live and also a video with the Jason Boland recording. Mercury , , 7-inch 45 rpm record. Writing credit also documented at repertoire. Retrieved 20 October A one-minute excerpt from the recording can be heard by clicking this link.
More details can be found at allmusic. Album reviewed by Andrew W. Griffin on reddirtreport. Listed on their now-defunct website, www. The song can be heard in a live performance by the duo in this video on YouTube. Album information available from beaujennings. Retrieved 23 October Album information at CDBaby. Songwriter credit at TKHouston. Retrieved 24 October Lanham, Md. Gene Austin discography from the Pitts-Hoffmann book.
More information about the song and about Mike West can be found at allmusic. Retrieved 25 October McBride Records, Writer credit documented at repertoire. Album documented on discogs.
His recording on YouTube has been blocked in some countries. As an alternative, the song as performed by an amateur musician in his own video can be heard here. Description of the musical group Christmas at allmusic. Album information at cdbaby. More information about Emily Kaitz can be found at eurekahouseconcerts.
Retrieved 17 September Cusic, Don Jefferson, N. Book archived in the Library of Congress. Album documented at allmusic. Discographic information recorded at 45worlds. Third Series: January-June, p. Retrieved 20 August Song and album information documented at allmusic. Documented at discogs. Retrieved 10 November Information on the song and The Hagers available at allmusic.
Retrieved 25 May Luke Wills biography at texasplayboys. Archived in the Thomas M. Album information documented at allmusic. La Chapelle, Peter No record found of publication; all the information was found on a YouTube Video that is no longer available online.
But life goes on and I'm past my prime; I like to reminisce and write ol' rhymes About my life in that innocent time; so here it is on a plate. Every weekend all my friends would meet; o'clock down on Main St.
We'd head to the Sonic for a bite to eat; then maybe cruise up to 'Red Hill'. It's just that little twist of fate; I was raised in the Sooner state; Living in the "heart" was a checkmate; And I'm proud to be a part of it. If we caught em we'd have ourselfs a fish fry; Normally hotter than the Fourth of July, the sky wasn't crying but man it would try; It knew what it was missin'. But Purcell was the only town I really knew; driving up and down Green Avenue; Looking back at the time I didn't have a clue; but man memories linger on Published by Maineville Music Publishing.
Link to Maineville Music broken, but archived: "Archived copy". CS1 maint: archived copy as title link , Portland, Maine. Retrieved 15 November A clip from the Aaron Benward recording can be heard at cdbaby. Record documented at 45cat. The song can be heard in the film 53 minutes into the YouTube video. Album documented at cdbaby. The song was later recorded by Roy Rogers in October, , for release on disk.
Phillips, Robert W. The recording can be heard onYouTube. Retrieved 18 July Album documented at Allmusic. Retrieved 18 November Album archived in the Library of Congress. A live performance video of the song can be seen on YouTube. Excerpts from the CD are also available: Listen to a second clip with a link to iTunes for a second sample. Album catalogued at worldcat.
Retrieved 20 November A second clip from the recording can be heard by clicking this link. Album information documented by allmusic. Writing credits at repertoire. Internet sources retrieved 27 November Album documented on allmusic. Retrieved 27 November Album catalogued by worldcat. Bryant Oden biographical information at songdrops. Viewable on-line by clicking this link. Writing credit displayed at rcs. Record documented on discogs. Retrieved 28 November Additional sources: "Bill Boyd" on countrydiscography.
Also retrieved 28 November An overview of the Red Dirt Rangers appears on the band's website. All websites retrieved 28 November Album documented at discogs.
A re-release of the album on the Sustain Records label is archived in the Bowling Green State University library. Sheet music. Tomlin, Pinky; Lynette Wert Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
A transcription of the lyrics, and images of the record label and the sheet music cover can be seen by clicking this link. Retrieved 12 January Digital download audio track available at myspace. The recording can be heard by clicking on this link to myspace. Retrieved 29 November Retrieved 8 January Recorded in Dallas in the spring of , purchased by Atlantic June 7, , not released until Lawyer Houston discography at wirz.
Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 2 December Record information documented at 45worlds. Biographical information on Kevin Fowler can be found on the internet, e. Album documented, with writing credit, at allmusic. Album documented by biographiesartistesquebecois. Brunelle's recording is also included on Mon enfant je te pardonne.
Paul Brunelle's original recording can be heard on YouTube. The song reportedly appeared in the minute theatrical release print of the film, but it cannot be heard in the minute version currently available on DVD and on YouTube.
Re-released the following year as Capitol ST , Capitol album information and writing credit documented at allmusic. Retrieved 4 December Released as a rpm single Epic in , as documented on 45cat. Record documented at 45worlds. Biographical information on Smokey Wood transcribed at myweb. Internet sites retrieved 6 December Archived in the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University. Album information documented at discogs. Writing credit verified on discogs.
YouTube videos are available on which the song can be heard performed by Steve Young his recording , by Riders In The Sky, , and a recent recording by the composer, Terrye Newkirk. Writing credit verified at repertoire. A second sample of the song can be heard, with a link to a second excerpt, on iTunes.
The entire song can be heard by those who have an account with Spotify. George-Warren, Holly Subsequently released as Radiex and Van Dyke Sam Hill was a pseudonym for Gene Autry, as documented by honkingduck.
Documentation of the recording and the vinyl record releases can be found in this published discography : Russell, Tony; Bob Pinson Country Music Records: A Discography, — The song can be heard in part in a short singalong video on YouTube. Album information also documented by allmusic. The song can be heard on soundcloud. Record information documented at 45cat. All internet sites retrieved 15 December The recording can be heard on the Horton Records website and also on YouTube.
Mark Tucker, album review of Bring on the Light at acousticmusic. Lac La Belle has a website with more information about their performances and recordings. The song can be heard in a live performance on YouTube. Retrieved 26 December The original lyrics by Billy Hughes make no mention of Oklahoma; Jack Guthrie modified the lyrics to include mention of his home state. Retrieved 9 June Bond, Bobby [pseud.
Record information documented at discogs. Internet sources retrieved 26 December The Jack Guthrie release on Capitol is documented at 45worlds. SR, Hank Thompson's recording of the song is documented at Praguefrank's country discography website. Retrieved 28 December Writing credits verified by copyrightencyclopedia. Brief biographical information on Billy Gray is at rocky YouTube had Billy Gray's recording, but no longer; it does have the recording by Hank Thompson released in Digital download album, available from several sources, including amazon.
La Chapelle devotes an entire chapter of his book to analyzing the writing and performance of, and audience responses to, "Okie from Muskogee. Album information documented at cdbaby. Biographical information about the singer-songwriter at stevesuffet.
All internet sources retrieved 29 December More album information and a listening link to the song can be found at bandcamp. David Gates, "The Okie Surfer. The song can be heard by clicking this link to authentichistory. Printed score catalogued by worldcat. Lyrics viewable at many websites, e. Oklahoma Statute Title The song, as performed in the film , can be heard on YouTube. Record documented at discogs. Albums documented by allmusic.
Writer credits documented at chrischandler. A live performance of the song can be watched on YouTube. Lyrics printed at lynnwoolever. Writing credit verified by repertoire. October 21, Writing credits verified by repertoire. The band has a Facebook page. A second clip from the recording can be heard at the allmusic. A one-and-one-half-minute clip from the song can be heard at the album's listing on music.
The YouTube video that was available for many years has been taken down. Digital download album, documented at cdbaby. Retrieved 30 December
Dee Dee Sharp Comin Home Baby Standing In The Need Of Love, Little Juniors Blue Flames Feelin Good Fussin And Fightin Blues, Emmylou Harris Pieces Of The Sky, The Rolling Stones Vol 5 Aftermath, Neil Diamond September Morn">